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Finland National Day

Commemorating Finland's 1917 independence from Russia on "Finland Independence Day" - December 6

Finland Independence Day on 6 December is held to commemorate Finland’s declaration of independence from the Russian Republic. The history behind Finland’s freedom was the nomination of Finland to end up an autonomous state on December 6, 1917.

Finland National Day

The Independence Day of Finland is celebrated every year on December 6 to commemorate Finland’s declaration of independence from Russia in 1917. This special day is the combination of solemnity and enjoyment, where the whole nation remembers those who sacrificed their lives for Finland’s freedom. The Finnish Independence Day is a national holiday. All offices, schools, businesses, and institutes remain closed.

Finland National Day in 2021: Which Anniversary & How Many Years?

Finland’s Independence Day in 2021 falls on Monday, 6 December. This year, the Finnish will celebrate their country’s 104 years of Independence — which means Finland’s 104th Independence Anniversary will be observed in 2021.

Finland National Day

Finland’s Independence Day is celebrated on 6 December – commemorating Finland’s declaration of independence from Russia in 1917.
When Celebrated: December 6
Upcoming Date: Monday, December 6, 2021
Parades, Fireworks, Concerts, Balls, War Memorial Tributes
The important day of 6 December 1917 – when Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Parliament of Finland
Also called:
Finland National Day, Finnish Independence Day, (Finnish: itsenäisyyspäivä), (Swedish: självständighetsdagen)
Greeting Quote:
Happy Finland Independence Day
How many years of independence? 104 years
Which anniversary?
104th Independence Anniversary
Public/National/State Holiday in Finland

Jump To A Particular Section:

Finland Independence Day Dates

Finland Independence History

Finland Independence Celebrations

Finland Independence Traditions

National Flag of Finland

Finnish Independence FAQs & Facts

Happy Finnish Independence Day Wishes

Happy Finnish Independence Day Greetings

Happy Finnish Independence Day Messages

Finland Independence Quotes

Finnish Independence Day Songs

Finnish Independence Day Images

Dates of Finland Independence Day

Holiday Year Date
Years of Independence
Finland Independence Day 2021 Monday, December 6
104 Years of Independence
Finland Independence Day 2022 Tuesday, December 6
105 Years of Independence

Finland’s Independence History

Around 10,000 years back, people started to move to Finland. They originated from the east from current Russia and from the south through the Baltic locale. The underlying foundations of the Finnish language are in Central Russia, however, the language has elements of Baltic and Germanic dialects, as well. Swedish-speaking people are said to have lived in Finland for more than 800 years!

Finland Under Sweden Rule

Finland remained a part of Sweden for more than 600 years from the Middle Ages until the mid 19th century. During this time, Sweden and Russia battled regularly over their impact in Finland. At long last in 1809, Finland completely went under Russian rule after Russia won its war against Sweden.

Finland Under Russian Rule

Finland remained under Russian rule from 1809 to 1917. During this period, Finland was self-sufficient, which implied that Finns could settle on numerous issues independently and make decisions on their own. However, the leader of Finland was the Emperor of Russia.

The language, culture, and economy of Finland grew significantly during the 100-year under Russian rule. However, in the 20th century, Russia started to limit Finnish self-rule and gradually put so many restrictions on Finnish which meant that the Finnish could no longer make independent decisions. This angered the Finns.

Finland Breaks Away From Russia and Picks Up Independence

In the last phases of World War I, Finland separated itself from Russia when the Parliament of Finland endorsed the declaration of independence on 6 December 1917. This made Finland a free nation, and the day is today celebrated as Finnish Independence Day.

In the spring of 1918, a civil war broke out in Finland in which the Reds representing the working people and the Whites representing the bourgeoisie and landowners battled each other. The war finished in May 1918 with the Whites picking up triumph over the Reds.

Independent Finland turned into a republic where laws are passed by a parliament elected by the general population. The head of state is the president, rather than a king or emperor.

Two Major Wars That Finland Fought After Independence: Winter War and Continuation War

Toward the finish of November in 1939, the Soviet armed force attacked Finland. During World War II, Finland battled two wars against the Soviet Union: first, the Winter War from 1939 to 1940, trailed by the Continuation War from 1941 to 1944.

The wars made Finland lose territories to the Soviet Union. More than 400,000 Finns left the lost areas as refugees to run away to Finland that still remained. In any case, the most vital thing to the Finns was that Finland maintained its independence!

Finland Independence Day Celebrations

On Finland Independence Day, various formal and informal get-togethers occur all through the nation. In any case, the highlight occurs at night, when the President holds the Independence Day Reception, a gala event for VIPs. The invitees include high-positioning military officers, legislators, police authorities and ambassadors, and in addition prominent athletes, performers, and activists. This occasion is broadcasted on national television, and half the population of Finland watch this event live on their TV screens!

Then there are those Finns also organize special receptions, parties, and dances. Some even hold Independence Day dinners in their homes, where the visitors spruce up, eat a lavish feast and drink sparkling wine, with the President’s reception gala event on television in the background.

Finnish schoolchildren get a chance to have their own Independence Day Function. In Helsinki, the mayor welcomes the city’s fourth-graders to Finlandia Hall, the iconic landmark planned by Alvar Aalto.

Everybody in Finland has her or his own particular manner of observing Finland’s independence from Sweden and Russia. The primary point is that the nation endeavored to pick up its freedom and fought energetically to keep it. Finns learn at a young age that self-determination should never be underestimated. They are reminded of this consistently on December 6.

Finnish Independence Day Customs & Traditions

There are patriotic speeches, visits to burial grounds, tributes at war memorials and church services. Wearing their conventional white tops and carrying torches, students in Helsinki begin at Hietaniemi Cemetery and walk to Senate Square, where they tune in to independence day speeches and music. The President grants awards and medals to a few thousand people for extraordinary accomplishments.

Finns put blue and white candles in their windows, the bakeries and cafes in the nation offer blue and white cakes and pastries, shops are enhanced with blue and white decorations and there are blue and white flags on display all over the place.

On television, you can hear energetic music, you can tune in to informative discussions and watch the legendary film The Unknown Soldier Fighter (the old version), a passionate story based on Väinö Linna’s novel about the World War II.

Finns are for the most part in a decent mood on this day and love eating a merry feast with their family or friends.

The National Flag Of Finland

The Finnish Flag was made official in a law authorized on May 29, 1918, around a half year after Finland had achieved independence. The flag marks a blue Nordic cross on a white background. It takes two different forms, the national (civil) flag, and the state flag.

Both the state and civil flags are identical to each other, yet the major difference between them is that the state flag has a coat of arms in the center.

What Does The Flag Of Finland Represent?

The Finnish Flag is based on the Scandinavian cross. The unique design of the flag was adopted after independence from Russia when many patriotic Finns demanded a uniquely-designed flag for their country.

The flag features two colors: Blue & White – both of which symbolize different concepts on Finland.

Finnish Independence Day FAQs

Want to learn even more about Finnish Independence and some interesting facts about Finland? Here we have answered the most frequently asked questions related Finland’s Independence and also a brief overview of the current life in Finland.

How is Finland Today?

How Did Finland Become Independent?

The development for Finland’s independence begun after the revolutions in Russia, caused by unsettling influences inside Russia from hardships associated with the First World War. This gave Finland a chance to pull back from Russian rule. After a few contradictions between the non-communists and the social-democrats over who should have the power in Finland, on 4 December 1917, the Senate of Finland, driven by Pehr Eivind Svinhufvud, at last, made a Declaration of Independence which was adopted by the Finnish parliament two days later.

How Do They Celebrate Independence Day in Finland?

Finland’s Independence Day on 6 December is about recognizing those who lost their lives battling for the nation’s freedom, both in WWI and WWII. On cold snowy Independence Day evenings, family and friends meet up over warm beverages and sweet treats, tuning in to watch the Finland Annual Independence Day Reception at the Presidential Royal residence.

There are window decorations in stores, flag displays and other patriotic, beautifying things in the blue and white of the Finnish flag. The ones willing to brave the cool outside are blessed to receive the best of Finnish culture — hockey games, shows, art festivals, and celebratory processions. Wherever you turn, you’re met with irresistible energy, enthusiasm, and good cheer.

Happy Finland Independence Day Wishes

Happy Finnish Independence Day Greetings

Happy Finland Independence Day Messages

Finland’s Independence Quotes

Patriotic Songs To Listen on December 6 Finnish Independence Day

Finland Independence Day Images & Wallpapers

Here’s a collection of free downloadable Finland Independence Day images and wallpapers. You can download them straight away or share them directly with your friends on December 6.


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