Bataan Day, more popularly known as Araw ng Kagitingan in the Philippines and in English, the Day of Valor in the Philippines, is an annual celebration held every April 9 to commemorate the heroism of Filipino soldiers during the Japanese occupation in the Philippines in the time of World War II. This is one of the most important holidays in the Philippines and is celebrated by declaring the day as a public holiday in the country. Bataan Day in the Philippines is near so let us take a stroll on a bit of background about this special day of heroism. Bataan Day is also a part of the Philippine Holidays.
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History of Bataan Day
When the Japanese occupied the Philippines in World War II, there was a major event that led to the demise of thousands of Filipino soldiers but showed their true grit, strength, and love for their country. More than 76,000 Filipino soldiers were forced to surrender to the Japanese Army at dawn on April 9, 1942. These soldiers were forced to walk for about 145 kilometers barefooted and some carrying heavy loads. Their destination was in Camp O’Donnell in San Fernando Pampanga. This was infamously known as the Bataan Death March wherein thousands of Filipino soldiers died due to dehydration, starvation, and various kinds of diseases before reaching the camp.
Despite these signs of defeat, the captured soldiers remained strong and helped in the hastening of the fall of Corregidor which had prevented Japanese forces from occupying all the US bases in the Pacific. It was a great contribution and a leap against the Japanese forces.
On November 26, 1980, the Day of Valor or Araw ng Kagitingin was declared to be a national public holiday in order to honor those Filipinos who sacrificed themselves for the freedom of the country.
Observance and Celebration of Bataan Day
Since Bataan Day is a national public holiday, government agencies are closed during this day and so are schools and universities. Many streets are closed and traffic is rerouted to make way for various parades in the country. Usually, high officials like the President give the commemorative speech at Mt. Samat Shrine in Bataan province.
Bataan Day Quotes and Messages
Bataan Day is one of the most significant holidays in the Philippines. Hence, Filipinos remind each other of the heroism of the Filipino soldiers during World War II by exchanging quotes and messages about the Day of Valor. Below are some of them that you may find useful and shareable to other people for the upcoming Bataan Day 2020
- The legacy of heroes is the memory of a great name and the inheritance of a great example.
- As we express our gratitude, we must never forget that the highest appreciation is not to utter the words but to live by them.
- Those who have long enjoyed such privileges as we enjoy forget in time that men have died to win them.
And those are the most important things you need to know about Bataan Day or the Day of Valor in the Philippines. May you remind other people about the heroism of the Filipino soldiers on the upcoming Bataan Day 2019 which is a part of the Philippine Holidays 2019.