December

Quaid Day

Quaid Day 2019: Celebrating Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's 143rd Birth Anniversary on Wednesday, December 25, 2019

The glorious day of December 25 is all about celebrating Christmas – the birth of Jesus Christ. But the people of Pakistan have got double the reasons to celebrate this holiday. Why? Because December 25 also commemorates the birthday of the Founding Father of Pakistan – Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah!

About Quaid Day

Celebrated annually on December 25, QUAID DAY is a public holiday in Pakistan that commemorates the birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah – who was a politician, lawyer, the founder of Pakistan, and the first governor-general of the country.

Also known as Quaid-e-Azam’s Birthday, the day is marked with celebrations like wreath-laying ceremonies at Quaid’s mausoleum in Karachi, flag-hoisting ceremonies, and seminars, speeches, and special programs to honor Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his independence struggle for Pakistan.

Quaid Day
A public holiday in Pakistan that marks the birth anniversary of Muhammad Ali Jinnah – the father of the nation.
When Celebrated:25th December
Upcoming Date:Wednesday 25 December 2019
Significance:
Birth Anniversary of Pakistan’s Founding Father
Celebrations:
Change of guard ceremony, tributes, flag hoisting, speeches
Which Birth Anniversary:
143rd Birth Anniversary
Where Celebrated:Pakistan
Holiday Type:
Public – National Holiday
Also Called:
Jinnah Day, Quaid e Azam Day, Quaid Birthday

Quaid Day in 2019

Quaid Day 2019 falls on Wednesday, 25 December. It will mark Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s 143rd Birth Anniversary. Is Quaid Day 2019 a public holiday? Yes. As per the notification issued by the Government of Pakistan – schools, offices, and banks will observe a day off.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. He served as the leader of the All India Muslim League political party from 1913 until Pakistan's creation on 14 August 1947. He served as the first Governor-General of Pakistan and assumed the position until his death. He is given the title of "Quaid-e-Azam" meaning "Great Leader", and "Baba-e-Qaum" meaning "Father of the Nation".

Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25 December 1876 to Jinnahbhai Poonja (his father) and Mithibai Jinnah (his mother) in the second-floor apartment of Wazir Mansion in Karachi.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

He was the second child in the family, and had 3 brothers (Ahmad Ali Jinnah, Bunde Ali Jinnah, Rahmat Ali Jinnah) and 3 sisters (Shireen Jinnah, Maryam Bai Jinnah, Fatima Jinnah), with Fatima Jinnah being the youngest of all.

Quaid e Azam Father
Jinnahbhai Poonja - Father of Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Jinnah was born to one of the wealthiest merchant families of British India. His father was a merchant and had an established family business of textile weaving. Being one of the major textile industry leaders, the Jinnahbhai family exported textiles to Europe.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah sisters
Sisters of Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Ahmed Ali Jinnah
Picture of Quaid-e-Azam's brother Ahmed Ali Jinnah with his British wife Emmy

Quaid e Azam Siblings
A group photograph of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s siblings. Front row, from left to right: Fatima Jinnah, Bunde Ali Jinnah and Shirin Jinnah; back row, from left to right: Ahmed Ali Jinnah, Maryam Jinnah and Rehmat Jinnah. | Photo: Pioneers of Pakistan: Jinnah & Iqbal published by the ISPR

While living with his parents, Jinnah attended the Sindh Madrasa-Tul-Islam and the Christian Missionary Society High School in Karachi. He also spent some part of his student life with his aunt in Bombay and attended the Das Tej Primary School and Cathedral and John Connon School. He completed his matriculation from Bombay University.

Right after passing his Matriculation exams at the age of 16, Sir Frederick Leigh Croft (a close friend of Jinnahbhai Poonja) offered Jinnah a London apprenticeship at his firm, Graham's Shipping & Trading Company. His mother didn't want Jinnah to leave for London and forcefully had him enter an arranged marriage with his cousin, Emibai Jinnah (who was Jinnah's first wife). Jinnah accepted the apprenticeship despite his mother's opposition and went to London.

Before his departure, Jinnah was given a sum of money by his father - it was such a big amount that Jinnah could easily live for three years in London.

Shortly after his arrival in London, Jinnah gave up the apprenticeship and decided to study law. His father got really upset at Jinnah's move of this. Jinnah joined Lincoln's Inn, saying that he picked Lincoln's since the entry of Lincoln's Inn had names of the world's greatest lawgivers, including Prophet Muhammad.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah student

While becoming a barrister in England, Jinnah was greatly affected by 19th-century British liberalism. This political schooling comprised exposure to the concept of a democratic nation, and politics. At the age of 19, Jinnah became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar in England. After finishing his education, he returned to India.

*Do you know? While studying law in London, Jinnah also embarked as an actor on a stage career with a Shakespearean media firm but resigned after receiving a disapproving letter from his dad.

Although Muhammad Ali Jinnah devoted much of his time practicing law, he had a deep understanding of the British India politics and remained politically involved in the affairs. In 1904, when many Indians were raising voice for an "Independent India", Jinnah became a member of the Indian National Congress - promoted Hindu-Muslim unity and raised voice for India's independence from British rule.

Later on, Muhammad Ali Jinnah predicted that Hindu and Muslims would never live peacefully after India gains independence from British rule, and so there should be a separate homeland for Muslims.

In the first phase, his idea was opposed by a majority (including Muslims as well), but when Nehru and several other Hindu leaders declined Britain government's proposal of an independent India - with Muslim majority states ruled by Muslim leaders and Hindu majority states ruled by Hindu leaders - it became clear to the Muslim minority that Hindu majority would take their social and religious freedom in the future.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah left Congress and became a leader of the All India Muslim League. Jinnah's campaign for a separate Muslim homeland was now liked by the Muslim lion’s share in the subcontinent, and within a few years, millions of Indian Muslims pledged support to Jinnah in his endeavors - rising Jinnah to the position of one of the greatest leaders in the history.

Jinnah's vision of a separate homeland for Muslims turned into reality when an Islamic state called the "Islamic Republic of Pakistan" emerged out of the partition on 14 August 1947.

In 1930, Jinnah was diagnosed with tuberculosis. He asked his sister and close relations to keep the details of his ailment confidential, as it would bring a negative impact on the independence struggle and hurt his political career.

With each passing year, his condition worsened and he gradually started to shed weight. In 1948, he was diagnosed with advanced lung cancer. He got so critically ill that he could not even sit up properly. His weight reduced to 36 kilograms only. Muhammad Ali Jinnah breathed his last on 11 September 1948 at 10:20 pm at his home in Karachi. He died at the age of 71.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah death
A view of Quaid-i-Azam’s funeral on September 12, 1948, at the Exhibition Ground in Karachi. Liaquat Ali Khan (centre) is seen talking with Maulana Shabbir Ahmed Usmani (in a white shalwar kameez), as he prepares to lead the funeral prayers.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah's death
Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (centre) and the local public praying at Quaid's funeral.

After Jinnah's death, sister Fatima told that even in the hour of Pakistan's independence - Jinnah was gravely ill. But he totally neglected his health to achieve the mission of a separate homeland for Muslims of India. She further told that Jinnah had been smoking more than 50 Craven "A" cigarettes per day for the previous 30 years of Pakistan's independence struggle, and sometimes also a box of Cuban cigars.

Jinnah's first marriage was with his cousin Emibai in 1892. Reluctant Jinnah was forcefully entered into this arranged marriage by his mother. At the time of marriage, Jinnah was 16 and Emibai was 14 years of age, and both of them were still in school. Right after marriage, Jinnah left for London. Just a year after marriage in 1893, Emibai got infected with cholera and she died in Jinnah's absence.

Emibai Jinnah
Muhammad Ali Jinnah's first wife - Emibai Jinnah

Jinnah's second marriage took place in 1918 with Rattanbai Petit, a 24-year-old fashionable daughter of his friend Sir Dinshaw Petit, and was part of an elite Parsi family of Bombay. She was regarded as the most beautiful girl in Bombay.

Ruttenbai Jinnah
Jinnah's second wife - Ruttenbai Petit

There was great resistance to the marriage from Rattanbai's household as well as the Parsi community, in addition to from some Muslim spiritual leaders. Rattanbai disobeyed her family and converted to Islam, adopting the name Maryam Jinnah, leading to a permanent estrangement from her family and Parsi community.

Jinnah and Rattanbai lived at South Court Mansion in Bombay and often moved across India and Europe. On 15 August 1919, the couple became parents to their only child, daughter Dina. The couple separated before Rattanbai's death in 1929, and after then Fatima Ali Jinnah looked after Jinnah and Dina.

Quaid-e-Azam with his daughter Dina Wadia

Jinnah cried on hearing the demise of Rattanbai. Later in life, he used to take out her clothes, jewelry, and belongings and look at them with tears in his eyes, not letting go of her memory.

Jinnah was neither a Shia nor a Sunni but a simple Muslim. He was born in Gujarati Ismaili Shi'a Muslim family but afterward followed the Twelver Shi'a teachings. In the later part of his life, he practiced Sunni teachings.

Quaid e Azam offering namaz
Quaid e Azam offering Eid prayers at the first Eid festival in independent Pakistan.

Legal Disputes Over Jinnah's Religious Affiliation

Following Jinnah's death, his sister Fatima requested the court to execute Jinnah's will under Shia law. This then became part of a debate in Pakistan about Jinnah's religious beliefs.

In a 1970 legal case, Hussain Ali Ganji Walji claimed Jinnah had converted to Sunni Islam. Witness Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada said in court that Jinnah converted to Sunni Islam in 1901 when his sisters tied the knot with Sunni men. Liaquat Ali Khan and Fatima Jinnah's joint affidavit that Jinnah was Shia was rejected by the court.

However, in 1976 the court refused Hussain Ali Walji's claim that Jinnah was Sunni and again accepted him as a Shia Muslim.

In 1984, the high court reversed the 1976 verdict and claimed Quaid was not a Shia, but a Sunni.

Statements of Jinnah's Close Allies Regarding Jinnah's Religious Affiliation

Regarding Muhammad Ali Jinnah's religious beliefs, Liaquat H. Merchant, Jinnah's grandnephew, writes that Quaid wasn't a Shia; he was also not a Sunni, but he was simply a Muslim.

A renowned and high-ranking lawyer who practiced law with Jinnah at the Bombay High Court testified that Jinnah's praying style was just like that of a Sunni Muslim.

According to journalist Khaled Ahmed, Jinnah's goal was to "gather the Muslims of India under the banner of a general Muslim faith and not under a divisive sectarian identity."

The formation of Pakistan in August 1947 is the largest political achievement of modern Muslim history, resulted mainly due to the untiring efforts of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Jinnah turned into a dominant pro-independence figure for Indian Muslims — driving millions in his mission to get an 'independent' Muslim country, now called Pakistan, where Muslims can live in a majority and are free to practice their religious beliefs.

When the subcontinent moved towards independence from the British rule, it was evident that Hindus and Muslims could not live together in unity. For example, cows were preached by the Hindus, but the beef was the staple meat for the Muslims.

Since the Hindus were in majority and Muslims in minority, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was fairly certain that the Hindu majority will hinder Muslim methods of living and they may take their societal and spiritual liberty later on.

In light of those feelings, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah began a campaign advocating a separate Muslim homeland. This idea for a separate Muslim homeland was endorsed by the Muslim lion's share in the subcontinent, and in a couple of decades, millions of Indian Muslims vowed aid to Jinnah in his endeavors.

World War II broke the backbone of the British Empire and India's independence was on the cards but had Jinnah not been there, Muslims could have remained deprived of their separate homeland.

Jinnah is among the dominant leaders who fought to get a separate homeland known as "Pakistan" for Muslims in order to safeguard Muslim rights, grant them the liberty to perform their religious activities safely, and prevent them from being dominated by the Hindu majority.

Quaid Day Celebrations

Quaid Day, observed annually on 25th December, is one of the nation’s most beloved public holidays with every Pakistani coming together to mark the birthday of their country’s founding father. Every Pakistani’s heart beats with a sentiment of utmost love and honor for Muhammad Ali Jinnah – one of the greatest leaders in the modern Muslim history – who made it possible for the Indian Muslims to live independently in a separate homeland, today called Pakistan.

Quaid’s Mausoleum in Karachi

Here’s how Quaid-e-Azam Day is celebrated in Pakistan:

The day dawns with an impressive change of guard ceremony at Quaid’s Mausoleum in Karachi. High-profile government and military officials are present at the time of the ceremony.

People from various walks of life visit Mazar-e-Quaid in Karachi to pay homage to the founder of Pakistan and make prayers to Allah to bless Quaid with the highest ranks in Jannah.

A flag hoisting ceremony takes place at Quaid’s residency in Ziarat, the place where Jinnah spent the last days of his life.

Every year, a grand ceremony takes place in connection with Quaid Day. Artists, writers, journalists, and versatile personalities belonging to different segments attend the ceremony. The speakers talk about different aspects of the life, ideology, political services, and struggles of the founder of the nation and pay rich tributes to him. They shed light on how Jinnah won a separate state for Muslims with a political and unarmed struggle.

In separate messages and speeches – the President, Prime Minister, and Army Chief of the country – pay tribute to Quaid shed light on Jinnah’s teachings, and urge people to adhere to his vision.

Several political, social, and academic departments hold Quaid Day ceremonies to mark Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Birthday in a befitting manner. Cakes are cut and free meals are distributed.

Schools and colleges organize Quaid Day functions, where students present their speeches and essays on Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Awards are presented to the top performers.

Since it’s a day off from school and business activities, many families head out to recreation spots for a picnic.

National television channels broadcast special programs, interviews of Quaid’s relatives, and reports to highlight the life of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his struggles for independent Pakistan.

Quaid Day Sales in Pakistan

Every year on Quaid’s Day, top Pakistani fashion brands and eCommerce stores celebrated Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s birthday by setting up Quaid Day Sales & Promotions. This year in 2019, you can enjoy Quaid Day sales on the following brands:

  • Al Karam – Flat 25% OFF Discounted Deals on entire collection available in outlets and online store
  • J. by Junaid Jamshed – Avail 20% OFF on J. collection
  • Khaadi – Avail 30% to 50% Off on all items
  • Daraz PK – Enjoy discounts on several brands and items

Celebrate Jinnah’s Birthday with Happy Quaid Day Wishes

  • Happy Jinnah Day. We are indebted to Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah who got us separated from Hindu Supremacist India. We reaffirm that Kashmir is an unfinished agenda of the partition. Kashmir Banega Pakistan.
  • Nothing is more precious than Independence & Liberty. We thank Jinnah for gifting us with Pakistan. May he is blessed with the highest ranks in Jannah. Happy Quaid Day!
  • Life without liberty is like a body without spirit. Ask worth of independence from Kashmiris and pray for the maghfirat of Quaid e Azam.
  • Happy Quaid Day, Pakistan! Undoubtedly, we are one lucky nation to have one of the greatest political leaders of the human race, as OUR Quaid!
  • A leader like Muhammad Ali Jinnah isn’t born in decades.

Honoring Quaid with Happy Jinnah Day Greetings

  • Here’s to a true hero, one of the finest lawyers ever and a great inspiring leader. Happy Jinnah Day!
  • Happy Jinnah Day. Happy Birthday to Man of Actions, not Words! Pay Tribute To The Man Who Taught Us The Meaning Of Freedom… JINNAH…! Tuje Salam.
  • Merry Christmas and happy Jinnah Day from our hearts to yours. Let’s assure the minority rights to be protected and Jinnah s vision to be promoted throughout the year and so.
  • Happy Jinnah day! May we have the strength and perseverance to make Jinnah’s dream and vision for Pakistan a formidable reality.
  • Forever we shall remain indebted to you. The Father of Our Nation. Happy Birthday, Quaid!

Quaid Day Poetry & Shayari

Salam Aye Quaid,
Tare Baad Bhi Guzre Hain Kuch Log,
Magar Teri Khushbu Na Gai Raah_Guzar Se,
Happy Quaid Day.

Millat Ka Pasbaan Hai Mohammad Ali Jinnah,
Millat Hai Jism, Jaan Hai Mohammad Ali Jinnah,
Millat Hui Hai Zinda Phir Uski Pukaar Se,
Taqdeer Ki Azaan Hai Mohammad Ali Jinnah,
Happy Birthday Quaid e Azam.

Best Inspiring Quotes for Jinnah Day

  • “Gandhi died by the hands of an assassin; Jinnah died by his devotion to Pakistan.” ― Lord Pethick Lawrence
  • “Although without Gandhi, Hindustan would still have gained independence and without Lenin and Mao, Russia and China would still have endured Communist revolution, without Jinnah there would have been no Pakistan in 1947.” ― John Biggs Davison
  • “Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.” ― Prof. Stanley Wolpert
  • “He was the originator of the dream that became Pakistan, architect of the State and father of the world’s largest Muslim nation. Mr. Jinnah was the recipient of a devotion and loyalty seldom accord to any man.” ― Harry S Truman, US President
  • “Democracy is in the blood of the Muslims, who look upon complete equality of mankind, and believe in fraternity, equality, and liberty.” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • “You will have to make up for the smallness of your size by your courage and selfless devotion to duty, for it is not life that matters, but the courage, fortitude, and determination you bring to it.” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • “You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • “Pakistan is now a fait accompli and it can never be undone, besides, it was the only just, honorable, and practical solution of the most complex constitutional problem of this great subcontinent. Let us now plan to build and reconstruct and regenerate our great nation…” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • “God has given us a grand opportunity to show our worth as architects of a new State; let it not be said that we did not prove equal to the task.” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • “Come forward as servants of Islam, organize the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody.” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Happy Quaid Day Whatsapp Status Images

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Quaid Day Speech & Essay (300 Words)

December 25th is a day of nationwide significance for Pakistanis since it marks the birth anniversary of the Father of the nation, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. With his profound vision, indomitable will, intelligence, commitment and courage, Jinnah whom every Pakistani calls Quaid-i-Azam (the great leader), combined the Muslims of the Indian Subcontinent under the Muslim League. Following a very long unarmed struggle under his direction, Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947.

It was Jinnah’s dream to see Pakistan appear as an independent democratic country, where the legislation could reign supreme, the politicians could work with dedication and honesty for the nation, Muslims can openly practice Islam, all citizens including women would play an essential role in the progression of the nation, human rights could be safeguarded, quick justice to all, poverty and illiteracy will be eradicated, and non-Muslims will be handled with respect and dignity.

Quaid Day is the best opportunity for us to ponder over the teachings laid by Jinnah and get united as one nation by firmly holding to the Jinnah’s principles of unity, faith, and discipline. This public holiday reminds us of the sacrifices made by Jinnah for the creation of Pakistan and how he neglected his own personal care to win a separate homeland for Muslims.

If Quaid had not been there, today Muslims of Pakistan would be living as a minority in Hindu-majority India with a lack of respect, no proper rights, and restrictions on practicing the Islamic faith. Today we live in an independent country, we are free to go to our mosques, we are free to openly practice our religion, we are free to openly eat beef. We are not oppressed by the Hindu ideology, neither we are subject to the ill-treatment as the Muslims living in India are. Therefore, we should be thankful to Jinnah for gifting us with this blessed land.

On this Quaid Day, let’s pledge to invest in this beautiful country with all the more zeal and make Pakistan… the “Pakistan” of Quaid’s dreams.

“Pakistan is a land of great potential resources. But to build it up into a country worthy of the Muslim nation, we shall require every ounce of energy that we possess and I am confident that it will come from all whole-heartedly.” – Quaid-e-Azam

Interesting Facts about Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

  • Jinnah was an avid fashionista. He possessed over 200 A-class suits, which he wore with heavily starched shirts. Even on the death bed, he insisted on being dressed formally.
  • As a reputed barrister, Jinnah never wore the same silk tie twice.
  • In 1896, Jinnah was the youngest Indian to pass the law exam in England. He was also the only Muslim Barrister at Bombay while he was 20 years old.
  • At one stage, Jinnah attempted a career change and joined a theatre group in London. But instantly gave up acting on receiving a stern letter from his father.
  • Jinnah’s’ daughter Dina, was born at the night between 14 August and 15 August 1919. When the very first day dawned on the baby Dina, it also was a Friday. 28 years later, Pakistan was born on the exact same day and dates!
  • Pakistan’s Independence Day and Quaid-e-Azam’s birth and death anniversaries, always fall on precisely the exact same day of the week. For example, Independence Day of Pakistan 2019 and Quaid Day 2019 – both fell on Wednesday this year!
  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a second-generation Muslim. His grandparents were Hindus.
  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s real name was Mahomedali Jinnahbai. While studying law in England, he dropped the term “Bai” from his name and also made some adjustments in the spellings. After the creation of Pakistan, he came to be known as Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum (Father of the Nation).
  • Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has a road named after Jinnah – called the Cinnah Caddesi. It is one of the longest streets of Ankara. “Jinnah” is spelled “Cinnah” in the Turkish language.
  • London has a Blue Plaque dedicated to Jinnah.
  • In various pictures, Jinnah is seen wearing a sherwani with a Qaraquli cap (called the Jinnah Cap). This specific outfit, wore by Jinnah in 1937 through a session of All-India Muslim League at Lucknow, was supposed to signify his devotion to Allama Mohammad Iqbal’s dream of a separate country for Muslims of British India.
  • Jinnah was among the priciest and most sought after attorneys of the time, making about Rs1,500 per case. He, however, fixed his salary at Rs 1 a month as the Governor-General of Pakistan. This is because he did not wish to indebt the newly born state with a financial burden.

Quaid Day Dates

Holiday NameYearDateDayBirth Anniversary
Quaid-e-Azam Day201825 DecemberTuesday142nd Birth Anniversary
Quaid-e-Azam Day201925 DecemberWednesday143rd Birth Anniversary
Quaid-e-Azam Day202025 DecemberFriday144th Birth Anniversary
Quaid-e-Azam Day202125 DecemberSaturday145th Birth Anniversary
Quaid-e-Azam Day202225 DecemberSunday146th Birth Anniversary
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