Pakistan Independence Day, observed annually on 14th of August, is the nation’s most beloved national holiday with millions of Pakistanis coming together to mark the anniversary of the birth of their nation. The holiday commemorates the day when Pakistan achieved ‘complete’ independence and was officially declared a sovereign state following the end of British Raj in 1947.
August 14 1947, was a prominent day in Pakistani history, as the nation got independence from the British rule, becoming the world’s first Islamic republic.
What Is Pakistan Independence Day?
Want to skip ahead to a particular section?
- 1 What Is Pakistan Independence Day?
- 2 How Did Pakistan Gain Independence?
- 2.1 What Is The History Of Pakistan Independence? Here’s How Pakistan Was Founded:
- 2.2 How Is Pakistan Independence Day Celebrated? Nationwide Celebrations Marked With Full Fervor and Zeal!
- 2.3 Pakistan Independence Day 2019: Everything You Need To Know About Pakistan’s 73rd Independence In August 2019
- 3 How Many Years Pakistan Independence Day 2019?
- 4 Pakistan Independence Day 2019: How Old Is Pakistan?
- 5 At what time Pakistan got independence?
- 6 Why does Pakistan celebrate Independence Day?
- 7 On which day Pakistan got independence?
- 8 Who got independence first India or Pakistan?
- 9 Why did India separate from Pakistan?
- 10 Who got independence for Pakistan?
- 11 What led to the creation of Pakistan?
The Independence Day of Pakistan is observed every year on August 14th. On this day, the whole Pakistani nation rejoices and celebrates the fruits of independence, freedom, and progress. The holiday is special because it marks the declaration of independence in 1947 and an end to British rule.
Date: Wednesday, August 14, 2019
Significance: Marks the Independence of Pakistan
Across the country, Pakistanis don green and white on August 14 to celebrate their nation’s independence with parades, festivals, and fireworks. The event holds a great historical significance, as it marks the day Pakistan secured independence from the British after so many revolutionary wars and freedom struggles.
How Did Pakistan Gain Independence?
In the 17th century, the British East India Company turned into the strongest power in South Asia, taking by force the control from the Mughal Empire, which had been established by invading Muslim Turks, and over time the British increased its political authority over a significant part of the region. A progression of wars battled in the Punjab and Sindh during the 1840s added these domains to British control, and by 1900 British India incorporated all of what is today India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
As the World War I ended, both Indian nationalist leaders, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and Mohandas Gandhi demanded South Asian independence. During the 1930s, the All India Muslim League progressively started to incline toward the creation of a separate Muslim state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the Muslim League, selected to call the proposed nation, “Pakistan“, which means the land of the pure.
It was after World War II, that Great Britain agreed to grant complete independence to South Asia. Following the unrest among Hindus and Muslims in the region, the Indian Leaders and Great Britain decided to partition the region. Pakistan became an independent country on August 14 1947 with Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah as the first head of government.
What Is The History Of Pakistan Independence? Here’s How Pakistan Was Founded:
Toward the beginning of the 19th century, the Indian subcontinent (Pakistan, India, Bangladesh) was governed by the East India Company – a British trading company which had gradually assumed control over the region as the former Mughal Empire diminished. The company built its own private armed force having modern weapons, and controlled a huge portion of the subcontinent through its military and administrative powers or sometimes indirectly through local Indian rulers. Through the East India Company, the British turned into the prevailing power.
In 1857, an insurrection of Indian soldiers in Meerut started a time of uprisings and rebellions, known as the Indian 1857 Rebellion – a failed uprising against the East India Company rule. Despite the fact that the resistance was contained, it forced the British Parliament to intercede and remove control of the Indian subcontinent from the hands of the East India Company. Through the Indian Government Act of 1858, the British Raj was established and subcontinent came under direct control of the British. This direct British rule continued for 100 years and is often referred to as the British Raj.
The British came to the subcontinent for trading purposes, with money and profits being their major objectives. They saw the Indian region as a free source to exploit natural resources and earn huge profits. Subcontinent addressed their needs for personal greed, money, natural resources, army, and cheap labor.
Seeing this, many independence nationalist movements were formed over the years, demanding rights and self-governance for the Indians. Works have done by Indian freedom fighters such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak also played a crucial role in generating awareness among Indian locals and forcing British to grant independence to the subcontinent.
From the end of the World War I onwards, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah turned into a prominent pro-independence figure for Indian Muslims – driving millions in his journey for a ‘separate’ Muslim state, today known as Pakistan. After the Second World War, a bruised Britain no longer had the resources to keep ruling the Indian Subcontinent, and independence was promised to the Indians.
As the subcontinent moved towards independence from the British rule, it turned out to be clear that Hindu and Muslim interests couldn’t be accommodated. The slogan of a separate Muslim state came to prominence during the 1920s and 30s. It was driven by the great philosopher of the subcontinent Allama Muhammad Iqbal and the leader of the All India Muslim League, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
As the Hindus were in majority and Muslims in minority, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was pretty sure that Hindu Majority will interfere with Muslim ways of living and they might take their social and religious freedom in future. In light of these intense feelings, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah started a campaign advocating a separate Muslim state. This idea for a separate Muslim homeland was liked by the Muslim lion’s share in the subcontinent, and within a few years, millions of Indian Muslims pledged support to Jinnah in his endeavors.
Seeing the violence between Hindus and Muslims, viceroy Lord Mountbatten advised the partition of the country into two different states; a Hindu-majority nation and a separate Muslim-majority nation. British-ruled India was partitioned into two newly independent countries; Pakistan and India.
Finally, Pakistan was established, as an Islamic state, out of the partition of the British-ruled Indian Empire, at independence on August 14, 1947. It initially consisted of two parts, West Pakistan (now Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
How Is Pakistan Independence Day Celebrated? Nationwide Celebrations Marked With Full Fervor and Zeal!
Every year on August 14th, Pakistan gets decked up in all its glory to celebrate its Independence Day with incredible pomp and show. Every Pakistani’s heartthrobs with a sentiment of patriotism and unity; and remembering the freedom fighters and great leaders like Quaid-e-Azam who made it possible for the Indian Muslims to live peacefully and independently in a separate motherland, today known as Pakistan.
Pakistan’s Independence Day (August 14th) holds extreme importance for every Pakistani national. Just a mention of this day saturates the psyches and spirits of the inhabitants with great self-esteem and patriotic elation. Flag-raising ceremonies, fireworks, parties, parades, marches, cultural events, and patriotic songs are a big part of the Pak Independence Day.
1). The Pakistan Independence Day dawns with a 31 gun salute in the federal capital and 21 gun salute in all four provincial headquarters. Prayers are offered across the country, for its security, progress, development, and people’s wellbeing. Pakistan’s National Flag was hoisted at all private and public buildings.
2). The main highlight of the Pakistan Independence Day celebrations is the National Flag hoisting ceremony at Jinnah Convention Centre in Islamabad, with honorable President and Prime Minister as the chief guests of the event. They unfurl the national flag as the participants stand and sing together the national anthem.
3). Similar flag hoisting ceremonies and independence special events are held at all provincial, divisional and district headquarters. The Pakistan Air Force put on a marvelous air show, with Pakistani, Saudi, and Turkish warrior planes flying over Islamabad as a huge number of onlookers watch from one of the city’s parks. The air fighter jets exhibit aerobatic moves to mark the nation’s Independence Day.
4). The Pakistan Independence Day Parade, also known as the “Azadi Parade” is one of the major highlights of the day. Held every year on 14 Aug, the Azadi parade pays tribute to the great sacrifices laid by valiant sons of soil that resulted in the creation of Pakistan and stamps the availability of young blood to remain steadfast for their freedom, no matter what or how! The Azadi Parade is mostly held at Pakistan Military Academy Kakul with honorable Chief of Army Staff and Prime Minister of the country as the chief guests.
5). Karachi hosts the biggest Independence Special events and programmes, with a parade at the mausoleum of Muhammad Ali Jinnah as the major climax of the day. Hundreds of visitors pay respects at Quaid’s tomb, the founder of the country.
6). The people of Pakistan celebrate 14th August with utmost enthusiasm, zeal, and fervor. The streets, towns, and houses are beautifully decorated with green and white lights and national flag pennants. On every street corner, you will discover small stalls selling flags, Pakistan Day shirts, caps, and wrist watches. All public and private buildings, as well as streets and Bazars, are profusely illuminated. Posters, banners, and portraits of founding fathers are also seen everywhere as part of the Pakistan Independence Day celebration.
7). The Pakistan Prime Minister delivers an incredible speech on this auspicious occasion addressing the nation and its citizens. The PM pays tribute to the ancient leaders of the Pakistan Independence Movement and all those brave sons of the soil who sacrificed their lives to win freedom for their country. The PM also lays emphasis on unity, strength, and hard work.
8). Fireworks, exhibitions, game shows, and face-painting are also a staple of Independence Day celebrations in Pakistan, with main events being held in cities like Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, and Peshawar.
Pakistan Independence Day 2019: Everything You Need To Know About Pakistan’s 73rd Independence In August 2019
Pakistan on Wednesday, August 14 2019, will celebrate it’s 73rd Independence Day which marks the transfer of power by British viceroy to the new Pakistani government in Karachi. Pakistan achieved independence when the British left India and partitioned the subcontinent in 1947.
Here are some main features of Pakistan Independence Day 2019:
- A 31-gun salute in Islamabad, and a 21-gun salute in all provincial headquarters
- The main 2019 independence ceremony at Jinnah Convention Centre, where President Arif Alvi will hoist the national flag.
- Change-of-guard ceremonies will be held at the mausoleums of Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Karachi, and Allama Iqbal in Lahore.
- Azadi Parade 2019 at Pakistan Military Academy and an independence-special parade at Mazar-e-Quaid in Karachi.
- The most-awaited Pakistan Independence Day 2019 speech by honorable Prime Minister Imran Khan.
- Independence rallies across all cities of Pakistan
- Sweets distribution between Pakistan and India, at the India-Pakistan Wagah border
How Many Years Pakistan Independence Day 2019?
August 14 2019, will mark the 73rd Pakistan Independence Day
Pakistan Independence Day 2019: How Old Is Pakistan?
In 1947, Pakistan was declared independent at midnight on the night between August 14 and 15. In 2019, Pakistan is 72-years-old, with the Indian Independence Act being passed in August 1947. This is the 73rd independence day for Pakistan.
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FAQs About Pakistan Independence: Answering Your Most Frequently Asked Questions About Pakistan’s Independence Day
Pakistan is a large and diverse country with a rich history. Do you think you know everything about Pakistan? Here are the answers to your most frequently asked questions about Pakistan’s Independence Day, celebrated annually on 14th August.
Why Pakistan Celebrates Independence Day on 14th August and India 15th August?
Do you know why Pakistan celebrates its independence day on August 14 and not on 15th August? The real fact is that both the nations – India & Pakistan, were created at the same time at the midnight of August 15, 1947.
Even Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah during his first independence speech on national radio said that Pakistan has accomplished Independence on August 15:
“August 15 is the birthday of independent Pakistan. It marks the fulfillment of destiny of the Muslim nation which made a great sacrifice in the past couple of years to have its independent state,” said Jinnah during the speech.
Not only this, Pakistan’s first postage stamp which was released in July 1948 also mentioned August 15 as Pakistan’s Independence Day.
So why is that Pakistan celebrates its independence on August 14? Why the independence date was changed? Here are the two main reasons:
1). The then Viceroy of British India, Lord Mountbatten had to attend the Independence celebrations of both the states India and Pakistan. Since it was impossible for him to attend both the celebrations at the same time, so he decided to deliver the speech to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on August 14 instead, and it was at this moment the independence date of Pakistan was at first changed on record.
So we come to know that even though Pakistan’s Independence was dated August 15 on records, Lord Mountbatten’s busy schedule made Pakistan eventually celebrate its Freedom Day on August 14.
2). The second reason which influenced Pakistan to observe Independence Day on August 14 was the festival. As 14th August 1947, was the 27th day of Ramadan, which is viewed as an auspicious month and date by Muslim. Subsequently, leaders in Pakistan discussed and decided to celebrate the Independence Day on August 14, a day before the genuine date.
At what time Pakistan got independence?
Pakistan came into being as an independent nation on the midnight of 14 and 15 August. The Pakistan Independence announcement was made right after 12 am from Karachi, Lahore, and Peshawar radio stations.
Why does Pakistan celebrate Independence Day?
Pakistan became an independent Muslim state on August 14, 1947 so a gazetted holiday is held annually to celebrate this date.
On which day Pakistan got independence?
Friday, August 15, 1947 AD (Ramazan 27, 1366 AH). Midnight of 14th & 15th of August!
Who got independence first India or Pakistan?
Under the Indian Independence Act of 1947, both Pakistan and India were to get a dominion status on the midnight of 14th and 15th August, right after the clock strikes 12 am.
Since it was impossible for the then Viceroy of British India to attend the independence celebrations of different states, Pakistan and India, at the same time (i.e 15th August), so he decided to deliver the speech to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on August 14th.
Secondly, India decided to celebrate its independence day some hours later than Pakistan, because Hindu pandits and astrologers raised clamor that if Indians want to see a prosperous and developing India, the independence declaration time should be pushed a few hours later than Pakistan’s.
Why did India separate from Pakistan?
Religious and social differences led to the partition of the subcontinent. For example, cows were preached by the Hindus, but the beef was the staple meat for the Muslims. Due to the religious differences, Muslims demanded in the name of Islam, the creation of a separate Muslim state – today is known as Pakistan.
Check Tomorrow 15th of August is Indian independence day
Who got independence for Pakistan?
As the British rule drew to an end, Muslims demanded, for the sake of Islam, the formation of a separate homeland where they can live in a majority and are free to practice their religious beliefs. Pakistan’s emergence in August 1947 is one of the biggest political achievements of modern Muslim history, resulted mainly from the endeavors of one and only, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
What led to the creation of Pakistan?
During the British rule in India, the Muslims were in minority – comprising of just 25% of the total population of the country. There were religious and social differences between the Hindus and Muslims. The Muslims were strict adherers to the percept of one God, as directed by their religious book Quran, while the Hindus were idolaters. The cow was sacred to Hindus, while the beef was the staple meat for the Indian Muslims.
Such religious differences soon converted into social differences as well. Despite being neighbors, they refrained from eating together. Separate waters were assigned to the Hindus and Muslims while traveling, for example, on train journeys. Marriages between a Hindu and Muslim were strictly prohibited.
As the British rule drew to an end, the Muslims feared that the Hindu majority will interfere in their religious practices and Muslim ways of living as mentioned by the Holy Quran. At the end of the day, they were sure that the Hindus (being in majority) will take away their religious freedom.
In an intense scene of racial feelings, Muslim League Leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah started a campaign demanding a separate homeland for Muslims. “I would never allow Muslims to be degraded to lower castes, I would never allow Muslims to be the slaves of Hindus,” Jinnah said in one of his speeches.
Emphasizing the purity of the religion Islam, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah raised the demand of a separate country named ‘Pak-i-stan’, (Pak meaning purity and stan meaning land – The Land of The Pure)
As a result of Ali Jinnah’s struggle and increasing demands by Muslims, the Indian subcontinent was partitioned into Pakistan and India. So this is what led to the creation of Pakistan.
Pakistan Independence Day Facts: Top 14th August Facts That You Must Know
Every year the whole Pakistani nation fathoms the patriotic feeling with colors of green and white on 14 August, which is celebrated as the Independence Day in Pakistan. Here are some fascinating facts about Pakistan’s Independence Day:
- Pakistan’s original date of Independence is 15th August 1947. Even Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah celebrated the first birthday of Pakistan on August 15.
- According to Islamic Calendar, Pakistan was created on Ramadan 27, on the night of Laylat al-Qadr.
- Initially, Pakistan consisted of two parts – West Pakistan (today Pakistan) and East Pakistan (today Bangladesh). East Pakistan got separated in 1971 and came to be known as Bangladesh.
- Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first Governor-General of Pakistan, and Liaquat Ali Khan was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
- The national flag of Pakistan was first adopted during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947, just three days before independence.
- The word ‘Pakistan’ is a combination of two words ‘Pak’ (meaning pure) and Stan (meaning land). This name was provided by Chaudhry Rehmat Ali.
- The Pakistani flag consists of two colors green and white; of which green stands for Islam and Muslims, whereas the white stripe represents religious minorities in Pakistan. The star and crescent on the flag symbolize progress and light.
- Pakistan is the strongest Muslim country in the whole world. It’s the only Muslim Nuclear Power nation, having a strong army of 10 lac.
- Pakistan’s Independence Day is called Youm-e-Azadi in Urdu.
- Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the founder of Pakistan.
Pakistan Independence Day Quotes: Latest 14th August 2019 Quotes, Greetings, and Wishes
Here are new 2019 Pakistan Independence Day Quotes. You can use them on Facebook, Twitter, or as a Whatsapp Status, or for wishing your loved ones via SMS.
- PAKISTAN NOOR HAI AUR NOOR KO ZAWAL NHEEN, Youm-e-Azadi Mubarak
- WARM WISHES ON THE GLORIOUS OCCASION OF PAKISTAN’S INDEPENDENCE DAY
- Happy 73 years of Independence once again, my beloved Pakistan. Jab tak hai ye dunya baaqi, hum daikhain azaad tujhe. InshaAllah
- Always Grateful to be called Pakistani. Happy Independence Day. Jashn-e-Azaadi Mubarak. Stay blessed & stay green. Pakistan Zindabad.
- HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY TO PAKISTAN, today marks 71 years free from British tyranny, oppression, and colonization. Let’s also take a moment to remember all of the revolutionaries & activists who died to make this dream possible. PAKISTAN ZINDABAD
- Freedom in the mind, Faith in the words, Pride in our hearts and memories in our souls. Proudly celebrating 73rd Independence Day, Happy Independence Day Pakistan
- Happy Independence Day to everyone. Chand Roshan, Chamakta Sitara Rahe – Sab Se Ooncha Jhanda Hamara Rahe – Pakistan Zindabad!
- Happy Independence Day Pakistan. May Our Country progress in every Field, May Allah Almighty Bless our country with best, Ameen – Pakistan Zindabad!
- Tailing the colors of the flag- white and green! Let’s stand together for unity, prosperity, and peace!! Happy 73rd Independence Day Pakistan
- CELEBRATING FREEDOM, COMMITMENT, & SOLIDARITY – This independence day, let’s promise to invest in this beautiful country with all the more zeal and fervor. HAPPY PAKISTAN INDEPENDENCE DAY
Pakistan Independence Day Songs: Best Patriotic Songs To Listen This August 14
The month of August is the season to blast patriotic songs. Here in this list, we have shared some of the best Pakistan Milli Naghmay that are morale-boosting, patriotism-inducing, and evergreen!
- JEWAY JEWAY PAKISTAN – Shehnaz Beghum
- MERA PEYGHAM PAKISTAN – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
- WATAN KE MITI GAWAH REHNA – Nayyara Noor
- DIL DIL PAKISTAN – Vital Signs
- SOHNI DHARTI – Shehnaz Beghum
- YE WATAN TUMHARA HAI – Mehdi Hasan
- HAMARA PARCHAM- Naheed Akhtar
- AYE WATAN PYARAY WATAN – Ustaad Amanat Ali Khan
- HAI JAZBA JUNOON – Junoon
- JUG JUG JEWAY MERE PYARA WATAN- Sabiha Khanum
- MEIN BHI PAKISTAN HOON – Shehki
- HUM ZINDA QOM HAIN, PAENDA QOM HAIN
- Aye Meri Sar Zameen Roshan
- KHAYAL RAKHNA – Alamgir & Benjamin Sisters
- MERE DES MEIN HAR PAL CHAON – Arif Lohar, Fateh Ali, & Arifa Siddique
- AYE JAWAN – Awaz
- Tera Pakistan Hai Ye Mera Pakistan Hai
Countries praise national days to cheer and celebrate the fruits of freedom and independence. On August 14, Pakistanis honor the achievement of their struggle for an independent Muslim state. 14th August is surely a period for every Pakistani to audit the rich and dynamic Pakistan – Happy Pakistan Independence Day 2019.