Happy Finland Independence Day! The National Day of Finland is a public holiday, and a flag day, celebrated every year on December 6 to commemorate Finland’s declaration of independence from Russia in 1917. This special day is the combination of solemnity and enjoyment, where the whole nation remembers those who sacrificed their lives to protect Finland’s independence.
Thursday 6 December 2018: This Day in Finland History – The Independence Day of Finland – Finnish Independence Day – Finnish Declaration of Independence!
Finland Independence Day on 6 December is held to celebrate Finland’s declaration of independence from the Russian Republic. The history behind Finland’s freedom was the nomination of Finland to end up an autonomous state on Dec. 6, 1917.
The Finnish Independence Day is a national holiday. All offices, schools, businesses, and institutes remain closed.
How Did Finland Become Independent? (Finland Independence Day Overview)
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- 0.1 How Did Finland Become Independent? (Finland Independence Day Overview)
- 0.2 How Do They Celebrate Independence Day in Finland? (Overview)
- 1 Finland Independence Day – Read Complete History & Facts Here
- 2 Winter War and Continuation War – Did Finland Win The Winter War?
- 3 Finland in Modern Times – Finland Today – Is Finland Developed?
- 4 Finnish Flag – What Does The Flag Of Finland Represent?
- 5 Finnish Independence Day: How Independence Day is Celebrated in Finland?
The development for Finland’s independence begun after the revolutions in Russia, caused by unsettling influences inside Russia from hardships associated with the First World War. This gave Finland a chance to pull back from Russian rule. After a few contradictions between the non-communists and the social-democrats over who should have the power in Finland, on 4 December 1917, the Senate of Finland, driven by Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, at last, made a Declaration of Independence which was adopted by the Finnish parliament two days later.
How Do They Celebrate Independence Day in Finland? (Overview)
Finland’s Independence Day on 6 December is about recognizing those who lost their lives battling for the nation’s freedom, both in WWI and WWII. On cold snowy Independence Day evenings, family and friends meet up over warm beverages and sweet treats, tuning in to watch the Finland Annual Independence Day Reception at the Presidential Royal residence.
There are window decorations in stores, flag displays and other patriotic, beautifying things in the blue and white of the Finnish flag.
The ones willing to brave the cool outside are blessed to receive the best of Finnish culture — hockey games, shows, art festivals, and celebratory processions. Wherever you turn, you’re met with irresistible energy, enthusiasm, and good cheer.
Finland Independence Day – Read Complete History & Facts Here
Around 10,000 years back, people started to move to Finland. They originated from the east from current Russia and from the south through the Baltic locale. The underlying foundations of the Finnish language are in Central Russia, however, the language has elements of Baltic and Germanic dialects, as well. Swedish-speaking people are said to have lived in Finland for more than 800 years!
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Finland As a Part of Russia and Sweden: When Did Finland Gain Independence From Sweden?
Finland remained a part of Sweden for more than 600 years from the Middle Ages until the mid 19th century. During this time, Sweden and Russia battled regularly over their impact in Finland. At long last in 1809, Finland completely went under Russian rule after Russia won its war against Sweden.
Finland Under Russian Rule: Why Finland Demanded Independence From Russia?
Finland remained under Russian rule from 1809 to 1917. During this period, Finland was self-sufficient, which implied that Finns could settle on numerous issues independently and make decisions on their own. However, the leader of Finland was the Emperor of Russia.
The language, culture, and economy of Finland grew significantly during the 100-year under Russian rule. However, in the 20th century, Russia started to limit Finnish self-rule and gradually put so many restrictions on Finnish which meant that the Finnish could no longer make independent decisions. This step by the Russian leadership, angered the Finns!
When Did Finland Break Away From Russia? – Finland Picks Up Freedom (Finland Independence Day)
In the last phases of World War I, Finland separated itself from Russia when the Parliament of Finland endorsed the declaration of independence on 6 December 1917. This made Finland a free nation, and the day is as yet celebrated as Finnish Independence Day.
In the spring of 1918, a civil war broke out in Finland in which the Reds representing the working people and the Whites representing the bourgeoisie and landowners battled each other. The war finished in May 1918 with the Whites picking up triumph over the Reds.
Independent Finland turned into a republic where laws are passed by a parliament elected by the general population. The head of state is the president, rather than a king or emperor.
Winter War and Continuation War – Did Finland Win The Winter War?
Toward the finish of November in 1939, the Soviet armed force attacked Finland. During World War II, Finland battled two wars against the Soviet Union: first, the Winter War from 1939 to 1940, trailed by the Continuation War from 1941 to 1944.
The wars made Finland lose territories to the Soviet Union. More than 400,000 Finns left the lost areas as refugees to run away to the Finland that still remained. In any case, the most vital thing to the Finns was that Finland maintained its independence!
Finland in Modern Times – Finland Today – Is Finland Developed?
Finland had been a standout amongst the best performing economies within the EU before 2009 and its banks and financial markets kept away from the worst of the global financial crisis.
As of now, Finland has a highly industrialized, free-market economy with per capita Gross domestic product nearly as high as that of Austria and the Netherlands and somewhat over that of Germany and Belgium.
- Trade is vital, with exports representing more than 33% of GDP. The administration is open to, and effectively finds a way to attract, foreign direct investment.
- Finland is generally focused in manufacturing – primarily the wood, metals, engineering, broadcast communications, and electronics enterprises.
- Finland exceeds expectations in the export of technology and advancement of new startups in the information and communication technology, cleantech, gaming, and biotechnology sectors.
- Finland is the most stable, safest, freest country in the world. It has the best governance in the world, while the police and internal security are the second best in the world.
- It has the least organized crime in the world. Next to Icelanders and Norwegians, Finns feel the second least insecure in the world!
Furthermore, the judicial system is the most independent in the world, the country has the third least corruption, the top best press freedom, and the top best country in protecting fundamental human rights, in the world!
Finland Independence Day – Details About The National Flag Of Finland:
The Finnish Flag was made official in a law authorized on May 29, 1918, around a half year after Finland had achieved independence. The flag marks a blue Nordic cross on a white background. It takes two different forms, the national (civil) flag, and the state flag.
Both the state and civil flags are identical to each other, yet the major difference between them is that the state flag has a coat of arms in the center.
Finnish Flag – What Does The Flag Of Finland Represent?
Finnish Flag is based on the Scandinavian cross. The unique design of the flag was adopted after independence from Russia when many patriotic Finns demanded a uniquely-designed flag for their country.
The flag features two colors: Blue & White – both of which symbolizes different concepts on Finland.
- The blue coloring represents the country’s thousands of lakes and the sky.
- The white coloring is said to represent the snow that covers the land in winter.
Finnish Independence Day Traditions: How Does Finland Celebrate Independence Day?
There are patriotic speeches, visits to burial grounds, tributes at war memorials and church services. Wearing their conventional white tops and carrying torches, students in Helsinki begin at Hietaniemi Cemetery and walk to Senate Square, where they tune in to independence day speeches and music. The President grants awards and medals to a few thousand people for extraordinary accomplishments.
Finns put blue and white candles in their windows, the bakeries and cafes in the nation offer blue and white cakes and pastries, shops are enhanced with blue and white decorations and there are blue and white flags on display all over the place.
On television, you can hear energetic music, you can tune in to informative discussions and watch the legendary film The Unknown Soldier Fighter (the old version), a passionate story based on Väinö Linna’s novel about the World War II.
Finns are for the most part in a decent mood on this day and love eating a merry feast with their family or friends.
Finnish Independence Day: How Independence Day is Celebrated in Finland?
On Finland Independence Day, various formal and informal get-togethers occur all through the nation. In any case, the highlight occurs at night, when the President holds the Independence Day Reception, a gala event for VIPs. The invitees include high-positioning military officers, legislators, police authorities and ambassadors, and in addition prominent athletes, performers, and activists. This occasion is broadcasted on national television, and half the population of Finland watch this event live on their tv screens!
Then there are those Finns also organize special receptions, parties, and dances. Some even hold Independence Day dinners in their homes, where the visitors spruce up, eat a lavish feast and drink sparkling wine, with the President’s reception gala event on television in the background.
Finnish schoolchildren get a chance to have their own Independence Day Function. In Helsinki, the mayor welcomes the city’s fourth-graders to Finlandia Hall, the iconic landmark planned by Alvar Aalto.
Everybody in Finland has her or his own particular manner of observing Finland’s independence from Sweden and Russia. The primary point is that nation endeavored to pick up its freedom and fought energetically to keep it. Finns learn at a young age that self-determination should never be underestimated. They are reminded of this consistently on December 6.