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Mexican Independence Day

16 September Grito de Dolores (Mexico's Independence Day)

Mexican Independence Day is celebrated every 16th of September each year in the country of Mexico. It is a public national holiday and is also known as “Dia de la Independencia” or “Grito de Dolores”. This day commemorates the day of the Mexican war against Spain which eventually led to the country’s independence from Spanish rule on September 16, 1810.

About the Mexican Independence Day

During Mexican Independence Day, people celebrate by lighting up fireworks, partying with food (also known as fiestas), dancing, and playing music. Decorations for this day include flags, flowers, and other decors that are colored in white, green, and red (which are the colors of the Mexican flag). Celebration noise is made by blowing horns and whistles. Confetti are thrown as well. People shout “Viva la Independencia” or “Viva Mexico” to celebrate the country’s freedom.

Mexican Independence Day is celebrated as a national public holiday in the country. Therefore, schools, banks, government offices, and various businesses are closed. Some roads or streets are closed in order to make way for parades and other large celebrations. There are still some forms of public transport available. However, people who intend to use that should check with the public transit authorities about route changes and more importantly, the timetable.


In specific, Mexican Independence Day commemorates the proclamation made by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla on September 16, 1810, in the village of Dolores near Guanajuato. Such proclamation called for the end of Spanish rule in Mexico. This encouraged rebellion and insurrection against the Spanish colonizers.

During this time around, however, the Spanish Empire was already weakening primarily due to Napoleon’s invasion of Spain. Hence, imperial rule was replaced by juntas in both American and Spanish Colonies. King Fernando VII of Spain was held hostage by Napoleon.

What is the Proclamation made by Father Hidalgo in Dolores?

Hidalgo ordered the ringing of the church bell to gather his congregates. He then shouted, “Viva la Virgen de Guadalupe! Viva Fernando VII! Abajo el mal Gobierno!“ (which means “Long live Our Lady of Guadalupe! Long live Fernando VII! Down with the bad government!”). This called for insurrection. The reality about such a statement is that there are some experts reputing what he actually said.

Following this proclamation, an army was raised in order to overthrow the Junta government. Unfortunately, he was defeated. But the struggle for freedom did not diminish. He started to demand full independence from all the Spanish and American colonies. He also demanded the arrest or exile of all Spaniards in Mexico.

When did Mexico achieve its independence from Spain?

After ten long years of struggle for freedom, war of independence that Mexico fought hard for was finally attained on September 27, 1821. However, the Mexican Independence Day is celebrated each year on the 16th of September.


As mentioned earlier, the independence day in Mexico is celebrated every September 16 of each year. This means that the dates of celebration for this holiday are as follows:

Why Do We Celebrate the Mexican Independence Day?

The following are the main reasons why you should participate in the celebration of the Mexican Independence Day:

The Day Has Been Celebrated for Over 100 Years

The Cry of Dolores has been a symbol of independence since 1820. It commemorates the famous speech made by father Hidalgo. This speech became the inspiration for Mexicans to fight for their freedom. The speech has been one of the most significant parts of Mexican history. Hence, it is an important concept worth celebrating by you.

It is Actually a Tow-Day Celebration

Who doesn’t love to celebrate as many days as they want? Although the Mexican independence day is celebrated every 15th of September, people in Mexico actually participate in the Cry of Dolores every September 15, one hour before midnight. This is in preparation for the partying and feasting which will happen on the following day. So if you want a two-day celebration of independence, you should join this one.

The President Reenacts the Cry for Independence Each Year

Each year, during the Mexican independence day, the president will ring the bell of the national palace located in Mexico City. This reenacts the ringing of the bell in Dolores where Father Hidalgo gatheres his congregation for the cry. The president will then give his speech and then ends it by shouting “¡Viva Mexico!” If you want to witness this historical moment, you should celebrate the day.

Celebration Ideas and Activities

The following are the best things to do to make your celebration of the Mexican Independence Day as best as it can be:

Wave Your Flag

One of the most important symbols for this day is the Mexican flag composed of the colors white, red, and green. If you are Mexican, wherever you may be, prepare your flag for this day and wave it to celebrate your country’s independence.

Watch the presidential reenactment

As mentioned earlier, the Mexican President gives a speech and a shout of a phrase and also rings a bell to reenact the moment that set into action the Mexican War for Independence. You can either watch it personally or tune in on TV for a live broadcast which occurs every 15th of September at 11pm.

Enjoy to the Fullest

You should not let this day pass by without you doing all the fun activities for the celebration. you should join festivals, feasts of foods, colorful parades, and mariachi bands. You should celebrate this day with your friends and family for all of you to have fun celebrating the freedom of the country.

Mexican Independence Day Messages and Greetings

Mexican Independence Day Quotes

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