Each year, on 31 May, WHO and its partners mark World No Tobacco Day, highlighting the health and other risks associated with tobacco use and advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco use.
Smokers significantly increase their risk of myocardial infarction and stroke, says the World Health Organization on the occasion of World No Tobacco Day.
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World No Tobacco Day Campaign Focus
World No Tobacco Day will focus on tobacco and heart disease. The campaign will raise awareness of:
- The link between tobacco and heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases, including stroke, which together are the leading cause of death in the world.
- Actionable actions will be taken by including governments and the public, so that can reduce the risk to the heart health posed by tobacco.
World No Tobacco Day coincides with a series of global initiatives and opportunities to tackle the tobacco epidemic and its impact on public health, particularly by causing the death and suffering of millions of people in the world.
These actions include the Global Hearts and RESOLVE initiatives, which aim to reduce deaths from cardiovascular disease and improve the care of patients and the third high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on the prevention and control of no communicable diseases scheduled for 2019.
Public Health US and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health launch a campaign from 23 May to 13 June to defeat conventional wisdom on tobacco and promote the devices implemented by Tobacco info service, available on phone call, on the Internet or by downloading the online shopping applications for Smartphone.
World No Tobacco Day is an Ultimate Reminder of 7 Reasons
World No Tobacco Day is a reminder of the 7 reasons given by the French Federation of Cardiology and taken over by INPES in 2015 to find the motivation to stop smoking:
- The heart rate is normally 20 minutes after the last cigarette.
- 1 day after the last cigarette, nicotine is no longer in the body.
- 2 days without smoking: the sense of smell and taste become better.
- After 3 to 9 months without tobacco, breathing progresses.
- 1 year after stopping, the risk of myocardial infarction is halved.
- 5 years after quitting, the risk of lung cancer decreases by 50%.
- 10 to 20 years later, life expectancy is the same as that of non-smokers.
Tobacco is a Threaten to the heart health
World No Tobacco Day will focus on the impact of tobacco on the cardiovascular health of people around the world. Smoking is an important risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.
Despite the known harmful effects of smoking on cardiovascular health, as well as the existence of solutions to reduce deaths and related illnesses, a large part of the public understands that tobacco is a major cause of cardiovascular disease.
The contribution of Tobacco in Deaths
Cardiovascular disease kills more people than any other cause of death in the world, and tobacco use and exposure to second-hand smoke contribute about 17% of all deaths due to heart disease. Smoking is the second leading cause of cardiovascular disease after high blood pressure.
The global tobacco epidemic kills more than seven million people each year, nearly 900,000 of whom are non-smokers who die because they have been exposed to second-hand smoke. Nearly 80% of the world’s more than 1 billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of disease and death from tobacco is highest.
Tobacco kills more than 7 Million People a Year
The smoke “promotes the occurrence of spasms of the arteries (sudden narrowing), the formation of clots and the appearance of disorders of the heart rhythm”. It “progressively damages the arteries”, and finally the combustion releases carbon monoxide “which deprives the heart of part of the oxygen which is indispensable to it, and contributes to asphyxiate it”. “Whatever the level of exposure and the type of smoked tobacco (cigarette, cigar, pipe, shisha …) the risk of a cardiovascular accident is present. There is no small smoking,” said Daniel Thomas, Cardiologist at the Hospital in Paris, quoted in a Pfizer Pharmaceutical Group statement.
Tobacco kills more than 7 million people a year, including nearly 900,000 who do not even smoke, according to WHO. To protect yourself, doctors only have one tip: quit, or never start. In the US, the High Authority of Health recommends above all nicotine substitution treatments, which must lead to “the smoker no longer suffering from lack and physical dependence”.
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The slogan for World No Tobacco Day
“Tobacco breaks your heart”
is the slogan chosen this year for World No Tobacco Day 2019, Thursday, May 31, 2019, an opportunity to remember that cigarettes do not just attack the lungs! Medicine has proven it for a long-time smoker greatly increase their risk of myocardial infarction and stroke.
For example, “80% of infarction victims aged under 45 are smokers,” noted the French Federation of Cardiology.
“Smoking is a major risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease,” says World Health Organization. It is “the second leading cause of cardiovascular disease, after high blood pressure,” she adds. “From a cigarette a day, heart and arteries at risk,” insists the French Federal Federation of Cardiology.