- Mongolia Independence Day History
Today (December 29) marks the special day in the history of Mongolia when the nation restored and declared its independence from the Manchu Daichin Gurun or Qing Dynasti in 1911. Happy Mongolia Independence Restoration Day!
The Independence Day of Mongolia is celebrated every year on December 29. This is the main state holiday in Mongolia and marks Mongolia’s independence from the Manchu Daichin Gurun (As Manchus and Mongolians named it) or Qing Dynasty on December 29, 1911.
What is celebrated on December 29 in Mongolia? – Mongolia’s Independence From Qing Dynasty!
Want to skip ahead to a particular section?
- 1 What is celebrated on December 29 in Mongolia? – Mongolia’s Independence From Qing Dynasty!
- 2 Mongolia Independence Day History – Restoring the National Freedom and Independence of Mongolia on December 29
- 3 Mongolia Independence Day 29 December: Background & Short Summary
- 4 29 December Mongolia Independence Day 2018 – What To Expect?
On December 29 in 1911, the landlocked North East Asian country Mongolia declared its independence from the Qing Dynasty, after the Mongolian Revolution of 1911. The country was under the Qing Rule for about 200 years…
On this day in 1911, Mongolia restored its independence after around 200 years of Manchu rule with a national movement known as the 1911 Revolution. On December 29, the Mongolian individuals enthroned the 8th Bogd Jebtsundamba Khutuktu as the Lord of Mongolia and a religious ruler. With the enthronement, Mongolia turned into a Bogd Khaanate.
Having established the framework for the revival of Mongolia, the 1911 Revolution is an occasion deserving of most utmost significance in the history of modern Mongolia and a proud moment to be recalled and cherished by the future generations. The Independence of Mongolia in 1911 is considered to have required the 1921 People’s Revolution, by fulfilling Mongolia’s long battle to restore national autonomy.
As per parliamentary resolutions, December 29 was made a public celebration on August 16, 2007, and a public holiday on December 23, 2011.
Mongolia Independence Day History – Restoring the National Freedom and Independence of Mongolia on December 29
The historical backdrop of Mongolia’s struggle for independence goes back to centuries. After the great Mongolian Khanate empires weakened, in the mid 1600’s, Mongolia was threatened by the Manchus. Therefore, they went to the Chinese Ming Dynasty for help in shielding themselves. However, the Manchus ended up taking control of China under the Qing Dynasty and furthermore taking control of Mongolia. At long last, the Qing Dynasty fell in 1911, and Mongolia declared its independence that year on 29 December.
Countless have occupied Mongolia since prehistoric times. The greater part of these individuals were migrants who, every now and then, formed confederations that rose to prominence. The first of these, the Xiongnu, were united to shape a confederation by Modu Shanyu in 209 BC.
In 1206, Changez Khan (also called Genghis Khan) established the Mongol Empire, the biggest empire ever. The Mongol Empire’s territory was stretched from present-day Poland in the west to the Korean peninsula in the east, from Siberia in the north to the Arab peninsula and Vietnam in the south, covering roughly 33 million square kilometers.
In 1227, after Genghis Khan’s demise, the Mongol Domain was subdivided into four kingdoms. In 1260, Genghis Khan’s grandson, Kublai Khan, ascended the throne of one of the four kingdoms that included present-day Mongolia and China.
In 1271, Kublai Khan officially established the Yuan Dynasty. The Yuan Dynasty was the main foreign dynasty to govern all of China until the point when it was ousted by the Chinese Ming Dynasty in 1368.
The Mongol court came back to its local land, however, hundreds of years of interior clash, expansion, and contraction brought them to fall into the Manchu Qing Dynasty. They conquered Inner Mongolia in 1636. Outer Mongolia was submitted in 1691. For the following 200 years, Mongolia was administered by the Qing Dynasty until 1911. Mongolia pronounced its independence in 1911 under the Bogd Khan, the spiritual leader of Mongolia’s Tibetan Buddhism.
Read About the Mongolia Republic Day
Mongolia Independence Day 29 December: Background & Short Summary
After the Xinhai Revolution in China in May 1911, the Qing Dynasty was toppled and Mongolia under the Bogd Khan declared its independence on December 29, 1911.
Restoration of the National Freedom and Independence in 1911 is considered as the huge recorded occasion to be celebrated proudly all through the nationwide from generations to generations. As indicated by the law approved by the Parliament on August 16, 2007, the 29th of December is celebrated as a public holiday.
The significance of the Declaration of Independence is obvious considering that Mongolia, in the end, achieved independence after numerous twists and turns. Today it is the only independent country among the many regions under control of the Qing Dynasty.
The Mongolian Declaration of Independence was unique in relation to declarations of other provinces. While others predicted future integration into China, Mongolia’s declaration dismissed this thought.
*Note: The newly established Republic of Mongolia went on for a long time until the point when it was invaded by the Republic of China in 1919 and by Russia in mid 1921.
29 December Mongolia Independence Day 2018 – What To Expect?
29 December is a national holiday in Mongolia as it marks Mongolia’s Declaration of Independence from Qing Dynasty i.e Mongolia’s Restoration of National Freedom and Independence.
This year Mongolia Independence Day will be celebrated on 29 December 2018 Saturday.
Right after this holiday, there’s New Year which means double celebrations for Mongolians!