The 12th date of December holds an important position for the Kenyans, as it marks two special events in the history of Kenya: The Kenya Independence Day and The Jamhuri Day.
On this day in 1963, Kenya became an independent country, and exactly one year later in 1964, it joined the Commonwealth as a republic or Jamhuri (Swahili for ‘republic’). For this reason, December 12 is known as Kenya Independence Day and also as Kenya Jamhuri Day. So Kenyans have double the reason to celebrate December 12th!
Want to skip ahead to a particular section?
- 0.1 A Brief Overview Of When and How Did Kenya Gain Independence?
- 0.2 Kenyan Independence Day in 2019: How Many Years & Which Independence Anniversary?
- 1 Kenya Independence History: The Complete Story of Kenya’s Independence
- 1.1 1). Kenya Under Arab and Portuguese Rule (Kenya Before The British Rule)
- 1.2 2). British Imperialism In Kenya: Britain Takes Over Kenya
- 1.3 3). The Rise of Nationalist Movements in Kenya
- 1.4 4). Kenya Demands Independence – Says: “Fed Up of Unfair British Policies”
- 1.5 5). The Rise of Mau Mau Movement: Who Were They and What Was Their Goal?
- 1.6 6). Kenya Wins Independence from British…
- 2 Kenya Independence Day: Celebrations, Activities and Traditions
- 3 Kenya Independence FAQs: Answers To Your Frequently Asked Questions Related to Kenya’s Independence Story
- 3.1 What Year Did Kenya Become A Country – When Did Kenya Become A Republic?
- 3.2 Why Was Kenya Important To The British Empire?
- 3.3 What Is Celebrated On Madaraka Day?
- 3.4 What Is The Difference Between Madaraka Day and Jamhuri Day?
- 3.5 How Did Kenya Gain Its Independence From Great Britain?
- 3.6 What Was Kenya Called Before 1964?
- 3.7 How Long Did The British Rule Kenya?
- 3.8 What Year Did Kenya Become A Country?
- 3.9 What Do We Celebrate On 12th December In Kenya?
- 3.10 Why Is Kenya Called Kenya?
- 3.11 What Is Jamhuri Day Kenya?
- 3.12 Was Mau Mau A Nationalist Movement?
- 3.13 Who Was The Leader Of Mau Mau?
- 3.14 When Was The State Of Emergency Declared In Kenya and Who Lifted State of Emergency In Kenya?
- 4 The National Flag of Kenya
- 5 Kenya Independence / Jamhuri Day: Fun Section
A Brief Overview Of When and How Did Kenya Gain Independence?
Jamhuri Day, also known as Kenya Independence Day, is one of the most important national holidays in Kenya, observed with patriotic fervor and enthusiasm on December 12. The occasion formally marks the date of the nation’s induction in 1964 into the Commonwealth as a republic and takes its name from the Swahili word jamhuri (“republic”); December 12 is also the date when Kenya gained its independence from Great Britain in 1963.
Under British rule since the late 19th century, Kenya officially turned into a British colony in 1920. The British colonial rule restricted African demands for a greater role in the political procedure, and it was not until 1944 that an African was incorporated into the colony’s legislature. Disagreements regarding land and cultural traditions continued, in any case, and the movement against colonial rule developed, finishing in the Mau uprisings during the 1950s, amid which the nation dove into a state of emergency through a large portion of the decade. Africans increased some social and monetary concessions because of the uprisings, and African political interest expanded in the mid-1960s. Kenya gained independence on Dec. 12, 1963, and turned into a republic a year later, with Jomo Kenyatta as its leader.
Since 12 December in Kenya has such historical importance, every Kenyan celebrates the Jamhuri Day or Kenya Independence Day with great enthusiasm, pride, and fervor. Kenyan Independence celebrations include feasts, government speeches, military parades, cultural dances, and entertainment shows.
|Kenya Independence History Timeline|
Arabs arrived and settled in Kenya. They forged the Swahili culture and language through intermarriages with the Bantu along the coastal areas.
Portuguese explorers landed in East Africa and took power from the Arabs
British influence in Kenya was established by the Berlin Conference and the foundation of British East Africa Company in 1888.
British government declared the East African Protectorate over Kenya and Uganda
The protectorate became a British Colony
An independence movement, Kenya African Union (KAU), formed to campaign for Kenya’s independence
Jomo Kenyatta becomes KAU leader
Mau Mau movement formed
Mau Mau starts a campaign of violence against the British. The colonial government declared the State of Emergency. Jomo Kenyatta arrested. Killings and murders by the colonial government to crush the Mau Mau movement.
Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to seven years of imprisonment because of his alleged involvement in the Mau Mau movement.
First general elections in Kenya with the participation of African parties. The Kenyan African National Union (KANU), wins the elections, however, rejected to form a government until Kenyatta is set free from prison.
Kenyatta joins KANU after his release
On June 1st, Kenya achieved internal self-rule. This day marks the Madaraka Day.
On December 12, Kenya gained complete independence from Britain. Kenyatta becomes the first Prime Minister of Kenya. This day marks the Kenya Independence Day.
On December 12, Kenya turns into a republic, admits into the Commonwealth with Kenyatta as the President of Kenya. This day marks the Jamhuri Day.
Kenyan Independence Day in 2019: How Many Years & Which Independence Anniversary?
Kenyan Independence or Kenyan Jamhuri Day in 2019 falls on Thursday, 12 December – marking Kenya’s 56 years of independence. This year, Kenyans will celebrate Kenya’s 56th Independence Anniversary.
SECTION # 1
Kenya Independence History: The Complete Story of Kenya’s Independence
Before the settlement of Arab pilgrims, Kenya was predominantly populated by agriculturists and herders, many of who had relocated from local regions. The small indigenous populace of bush individuals was swelled by these settlers, who constitute the ancestors of Kenya’s prevailing communities today, to be specific the Bantu, Eastern Cushites and Nilotes.
The arrival and settlement of Arabs along the coast of East Africa was a key period in the forming of present-day Kenya. Arab merchants used the coastal commercial posts for the trade in slaves, spices, other stock.
By 800 CE these small communities had developed into huge urban areas, subject to trade and with a culture derived from both the first occupants and the Arab pilgrims. As the towns and urban communities along the coast acted as a focus for items traded from the African interior and the ideas imported by foreign settlers, the coastal area soon turned into a connection between these two cultures.
Swahili, a dialect got from Bantu, yet with much Arabic impact, developed as the principal language in these coastal front zones. Islamic religious practices turned out to be progressively pervasive, connecting them with the more extensive Muslim people group, although some custom traditions stayed to connect them to local African tribes.
The presence of vendors and workers from Persia and Asia also added to the advancement of a unique culture along coastal territories, which survives to the present day.
1). Kenya Under Arab and Portuguese Rule (Kenya Before The British Rule)
In 1498, the landing of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in Mombasa posed a serious threat to the Arab domination of the East African coast. The Portuguese, after at first being driven off by Arab resistance, in the end, took control of the coastal zones and held them as a colonial asset for the following two centuries from 1498-1698.
In 1698, Omani forces removed the Portuguese and brought the vast majority of the East African Coast under the control of the Sultan of Oman. This control remained unchanged until 1840 when Said bin Sultan Al-Said transferred the capital of the Sultanate to Stone Town in Zanzibar. After his death, Oman and Zanzibar were separated between his children, Thuwaini bin Said and Majid bin Said, and the latter turned into the Sultan of Zanzibar, controlling a large portion of what is currently known as the Kenyan coast.
In the late 19th century, the control of this region was gradually transferred to the British Empire, besides a small coastal strip that stayed in the ownership of the Sultan of Zanzibar until Kenyan Independence in 1963. The mediation of the British Empire was apparently to battle the Arab slave trade of which Zanzibar had turned into a central part.
2). British Imperialism In Kenya: Britain Takes Over Kenya
The large-scale involvement of Britain in Kenya was part of the scramble for Africa, a period of forceful European imperial extension that started toward the finish of the 19th century and lasted until the beginning of the First World War. Driven by a craving for imperial prestige and resources, European countries raced to colonize as much African area as could reasonably be possible.
Agreements over the districts claimed by the Europeans were consulted in the 1884-5 Berlin Conference. During the race to claim regions by the European powers, a peace treaty among German and British government settled upon the strength of the north of Mount Kilimanjaro. From the coast until the lake Victoria and the areas today known as Uganda and Kenya was consented to belong to the British, and the south, referred to today as Tanzania, to the Germans. It was drawn a straight line of which still up, separating both Kenya and Tanzania.
Kenya Under British Rule
In the early 20th century, Kenya saw a huge number of white settlers and the sale of vast Kenyan territories of the Highlands to rich investors. Settlement of the inland regions was upheld by the construction, from 1895, of a railroad line connecting Mombasa and Kisumu on the western border with the neighboring British protectorate of Uganda. This workforce was mostly comprised of workers from British India, a huge number of whom opted to stay in Kenya when the construction of the railway line was finished, establishing a community of Indian East Africans.
After the World War I, during which British East Africa was utilized as a base for operations against German East Africa, Britain annexed the inland territories of the British East Africa Protectorate and announced it a crown state, setting up The Colony of Kenya in 1920. The coastal zone remained a protectorate.
All through 1920 to 1930s, colonial policies disintegrated the privileges of the African population. Further land was purchased up by the colonial government, essentially in the most fertile upland regions, to be cultivated by white settlers. The Kikuyu, Masai and Nandi Kenyan tribes were thrown out from their properties or constrained into poorly paid labor.
A growing nationalist movement brought about the rise of the Kenya African Union in 1946, driven by Harry Thuku. But their failure to bring change from the colonial government prompted the development of more militant groups.
3). The Rise of Nationalist Movements in Kenya
The abuse and mistreatment of Kenyans by colonial administrators provoked Kenyans to form a movement calling for great political acknowledgment of African rights. The first major movement with the aim to restore African rights in the territory was the East African Association (EAA), which was formed in 1921 by Harry Thuka and, among others, Jomo Kenyatta – the future President of an independent Kenya.
The EAA was proposed to be a movement inclusive of all ethnic groups, in spite of the fact that its members were dominatingly Kikuyu, and as its name suggests, it was trusted that the EAA could represent all the people of East Africa, instead of only those in Kenya. The colonial administration restricted the movement from its commencement, and Harry Thuka – the founder of EAA movement was captured in 1922 and the EAA banned.
A similar African rights movement, the Kenyan African Union (KAU), was formed in 1942. This movement concentrated predominantly on demanding land access from White settlers and quickly gained membership, including Kenyatta, who was appointed its leader in 1947.
These nationalist movements were instrumental in politicizing the disappointed Kenyan people, and the KAU played a major role during the Mau uprising a couple of years later.
4). Kenya Demands Independence – Says: “Fed Up of Unfair British Policies”
The First World War in Europe affected Kenya, with numerous local Kenyans drafted to help British troops in defeating German resistance in Tanzania. According to the British officials, around 24 000 Africans from this region died during this campaign, although others contend that the death toll was a lot higher.
Kenyans were also badly affected upon by the Crown Lands Ordinance of 1915, an order that swept away most native local land rights.
Kenya’s job in World War II had a similar impact. Around 47,000 African Kenyans volunteered to battle in the British war effort, which helped British in defeating the Italian force in Ethiopia, and many others Kenyans helped the campaign by raising crops for the British.
In spite of the help given by the African Kenyans, the British made few concessions to the popular demands for land equity. The colonial policies dissolved the rights of the African population. The land was purchased up by the colonial government, primarily in the most fertile upland territories, to be cultivated by white settlers. The Kikuyu, Masai and Nandi tribes were driven out from their properties or constrained into poorly paid work.
The colonial administration opposed African rights for a role in the political process, and it was not until 1944 that an African was included in the colony’s legislature.
There were numerous disputes about land and cultural traditions, anyway, the movement against colonial rule developed, culminating in the Mau uprisings during the 1950s, amid which the nation dove into a state of emergency through the greater part of the decade.
5). The Rise of Mau Mau Movement: Who Were They and What Was Their Goal?
The Mau Mau uprising against British colonial rule, although militarily unsuccessful, was a major defining episode in the Kenyan struggle for an ‘independent’ country. Colonial control of Kenya had existed for quite a long time, sought after by both the Portuguese and Omani Arab before the British arrived, however the continuous push for decolonization that happened all through Africa amid the 20th century gave confidence to the movement to call for the independent republic of Kenya.
Why was the Mau Mau formed? The sources of the Mau Mau uprising started with a general dissatisfaction with the poor conditions imposed by the British colonial administration over the African Kenyans.
A huge number of Kenyans lived in poor conditions in the slums around Nairobi, with a few employment opportunities, no chances of social or legal justice, and suffering the effects of economic inflation raising the price of basic commodities.
In comparison, the majority of the white European settlers and a large number of the Indians who had settled in Nairobi enjoyed good jobs, rich lifestyle, and treated indigenous Africans with disrespect.
A similar situation emerged in rural zones, where the fertile land was occupied by Europeans. This situation exacerbated previous complaints originating from prior British activities in enslaving the local population and reallocating their profitable land to white settlers.
The Mau Mau Rebellion by the Mau Mau Movement
The Mau Mau was a loose grouping of Kikuyu Kenyans, who had been diminished to the status of squatters on their own land. Extremely unhappy with their poor political advancement in seeking after rights for Africans while under continuing pressure from the legislature and colonial administration, they chose to take part in the armed resistance against British colonial rule.
One of the important figures in the Mau Mau movement was Dedan Kimathi, a former member of the KAU. In 1952 Mau Mau members started a campaign of violence against both the British and the Africans who co-worked with them. The British reacted by requesting police to detain hundreds of Kikuyu – this action uplifted tensions in the region and led to an support for the Mau Mau. The colonial government reacted by declaring the State of Emergency and sent troops to fight the uprising. This action pushed more Africans to the Mau Mau cause, many of who fled to the forests to organize guerrilla wars against the British.
The response of the colonial government was furious. They colonial government ordered a large number of British troops to crush the Mau Mau movement and its members. Undertaking a strategy of deporting Kikuyu to the reserves, a large number of Africans were confined and transported far from their homes, while others were re-housed in towns under British control. Concentration camps were utilized to process the Kikuyu associated with Mau Mau involvement, and abuse and torture were commonplace.
At the same time, British forces traveled through the forests, killing anyone associated with Mau Mau involvement. British troopers also held villagers at gunpoint while their homes were hunted down proof of participation with the Mau.
Was The Mau Mau Rebellion Successful?
At last, in 1956 Kimathi was captured, ending the Mau Mau resistance. Kimathi was put on trial and hanged a year later. The British military operations against the Mau Mau movement brought about numerous death. Around 15,000 African Kenyans were killed by the British troops. In comparison, less than a hundred white settlers died during the period of the uprising.
Although the Mau Mau faced a military defeat, the formation of this movement was a clear indication that the Kenyans want an independent state and no longer want to face strict policies, harsh behavior, and disrespect by the colonial government. The Mau Mau movement placed the idea of an ‘independent’ Kenya firmly on the agenda. It was this uprising that persuaded the British of the requirement for reforms in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the progress to Kenya’s Independence.
6). Kenya Wins Independence from British…
In 1960, the British government held a conference in London to talk about the constitutional future of Kenya, and for the first time officially recognized the certainty of independence under the African majority rule.
The first Kenyan general elections with the participation of African parties was held in 1961, with one of the real issues being the release of Jomo Kenyatta, who had been confined in 1952 based on his alleged involvement with the Mau Mau. The Kenyan African National Union Party (KANU), the successor to the KAU, won a greater part of the vote, however, declined to form a government until Kenyatta is set free. Thus, the country was governed by a coalition government set up between the Kenyan African Democratic Union (KADU) and the White-led New Kenya Party for a year.
When Kenyatta was released in 1962, he joined KANU and succeeded in the 1963 Kenya elections. He was confirmed as the first prime minister of Kenya and proclaimed Kenya to be at long last free of British rule. After a year Kenya turned into a republic, with Kenyatta as the president, and KADU willfully dissolved to permit the making of a strong one-party state.
Kenyatta assumed a peacemaking tone towards the white settlers in Kenya and forbade any revenge for the past acts, while also offering an amnesty for crimes committed by Mau Mau fighters during the State of Emergency.
Kenyatta served as the President of Kenya for the rest of his life, and under his governance, Kenya enjoyed a reasonable level of political stability and economic prosperity.
SECTION # 2
Kenya Independence Day: Celebrations, Activities and Traditions
Kenyans at home and abroad celebrate their Independence Day or Jamhuri Day with utmost enthusiasm and fervor. Kenyans around the world dress in colorful kikoys and kitenges, and devour ugali (a cornmeal dish) and irio (a mash of potatoes and peas).
Celebrations during the independence day include dining experiences, political addresses, marches, and dancing. A huge number of patriotic Kenyans rush the stadiums in the different urban areas and town for the presidential function where they appreciate different types of entertainment with the climax of the day being the president’s speech. After here, Kenyans head back home or to different meat joints to enjoy some delicious nyama choma as they make merry.
How Is Jamhuri Day Celebrated: An Insight into Kenya’s Independence Day Celebrations
Jamhuri Day is a period for Kenyans to offer their thanks for their freedom through dance, marches, parades, speeches, feasting and other public events.
The Jamhuri Day in Kenya starts with Trooping of the Color, a ceremony which takes places every Jamhuri Day in the Central Stadium. The President of Kenya also participates in this ceremony, takes the national salute, and then inspects the parade. This ceremony includes marches, band plays, and ends with Kenya’s national anthem.
The most traditional and across the board method for celebrating Jamhuri Day is feasting with the family. The Kenyan family will meet up and appreciate having each other on Jamhuri Day and during their entertainment, they will for the most part feast on delicious Kenyan cuisine.
With a large group of activities from feasting in ones home to the public bungee bouncing off a bridge, all the components of the Jamhuri Holiday are essential to the Kenyans and convey symbols that can express how the Kenyans feel about life, family, and their general association of society.
The Young African Express also offers free education to children regarding Kenya’s independence. Educational programs are organized in schools, covering details about the country’s autonomy and sharing knowledge on how the youth can solve the emerging issues.
Importance of Celebrating Jamhuri Day
Jamhuri Day is an important occasion for Kenyans to express their gratitude for their independence through dance, parades, feasting, and other public events. The majority of the activities that are performed on Jamhuri Day are portrayals of the manner in which Kenyans view life and the values that stand within their general public.
Jamhuri Day is important to the Kenyans since it helps them to remember where they have originated from as a country and it is an illustration of solidarity in its most noteworthy frame. During Jamhuri Day there is a repetitive theme of solidarity, which does not change as the feast, dance, marches, and speeches are altogether models of being in unity with other people.
Jamhuri Day is crucial to Kenya since it recounts it’s past, and when any country recognizes and grasps it’s past, that nation is more equipped to manage with its future.
Not only this, but Jamhuri Day is also a time for Kenyans to celebrate their freedom integration of old cultural traditions, and new activities to demonstrate their love and happiness. Family ties are extremely important in Kenyan Culture, and something generally done on Jamhuri Day is the meeting up of relatives to praise the independence of Kenya. The need of an affectionate family is stressed through this Kenyan occasion.
The majority of the Kenyan activities done on Jamhuri Day symbolize their freedom, and the modernization of the Kenyan culture. All through the Kenyan Jamhuri Day event, there is a strong emphasis on family and the significance of a strong social structure.
Karen Blixen Museum: The Kenyan Independence Day Gift!
Visiting the Karen Blixen Museum is also a famous independence day celebratory tradition in Kenya. Located at the foot of Ngong Hills, this beautiful bungalow style house was donated by the Danish Government in 1964 to the new Kenyan government as Kenyan Independence Gift. Today, this historic museum holds great value for the Kenyans.
SECTION # 3
Kenya Independence FAQs: Answers To Your Frequently Asked Questions Related to Kenya’s Independence Story
When going through Kenya’s history, many people have lots of questions regarding Kenya Independence Day, such as how did Kenya gained independence? Here we have unpacked Kenya FAQs.
*Do you know? A million people died in East Africa alone during World War I, defending the interests of their colonial masters.
What Year Did Kenya Become A Country – When Did Kenya Become A Republic?
Kenya gained its independence on December 12, 1963 – marking the Kenya Independence Day. Queen Elizabeth II remained the country’s Head of State until the following year when Kenya joined the Commonwealth of Nations and became a republic on December 12, 1964 – marking the Kenya Jamhuri Day, with Jomo Kenyatta as its president.
Why Was Kenya Important To The British Empire?
There are several main reasons why British colonized Kenya in 1895. These reasons were similar to the reasons why Great Britain colonized other areas.
- The first reason was economic. By colonizing Kenya, the British would have a place where they could trade the items made by British industries. This would encourage the British industries. Kenya additionally could provide Great Britain with needed resources.
- Kenya had great regions of land for cultivating, and the British wanted to exploit this. However, there were issues that constrained the advantage of the great cultivating regions. Diseases and overuse of the soil were two issues.
- There were political contemplations in the colonization of Kenya. Different nations were colonizing Africa. The Germans were likewise making a move to colonize Kenya. The British needed to act if Great Britain needed Kenya to be a British colony. Since nations were seeking limited areas of land accessible for colonization, Great Britain needed to act if it wanted to upgrade its status as a world power.
- Kenya could fill a military purpose if war broke out. Since there was fighting in Africa in World War I, having Kenya has an army base turned out to be beneficial for the British government in World War I?
What Is Celebrated On Madaraka Day?
Madaraka Day holds an important position in the history of Kenya. It is a national holiday in the Republic of Kenya, celebrated annually on 1st of June. This date commemorates the day in 1963 when Kenya attained internal self-rule after decades a British colony.
What Is The Difference Between Madaraka Day and Jamhuri Day?
There are two major differences between Kenya Madaraka Day and Kenya Jamhuri Day:
- Madaraka Day is the day when Kenya attained internal self-rule from Great Britain on June 1st. This day is a public holiday in Kenya.
- Jamhuri Day is the day when Kenya became fully independent (getting hold of both internal and external affairs). This day is a public holiday and celebrated on December 12 each year in Kenya.
How Did Kenya Gain Its Independence From Great Britain?
The African country of Kenya was allowed autonomy by the British government on December 12, 1963, and pronounced itself an independent republic on December 12 of the following year.
Kenya had been a settlement of the United Kingdom called the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya starting in 1888. Starting during the 1950s, independence movements such as the East African Association (EAA) and Kenyan African Union (KAU) started to grab hold, often sparking fierce clashes.
In 1952, a large group of Kenyan patriots began the Mau Mau Rebellion against the colonial administration. Despite the fact that the British suppressed the rebellion by 1957, the British government did allow Kenya independent elections that year.
In the 1957 Kenyan elections, the nationalist Kenya African National Union Party (KANU) took control of the administration. At last, on December 12, 1963, the English government conceded Kenya full independence.
Huge credit to Kenya’s Road to Freedom goes to the Mau Mau Resistance and other nationalist developments.
What Was Kenya Called Before 1964?
Before the 19th century, Kenya was known as the British East Africa Protectorate or British East Africa. It was officially named Kenya in 1920.
How Long Did The British Rule Kenya?
The British Empire set up the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was shaped in 1964. So the British ruled Kenya for about 69 years!
What Year Did Kenya Become A Country?
Kenya became a country on December 12, 1963, after gaining complete independence from Great Britain.
What Do We Celebrate On 12th December In Kenya?
The 12th date of December holds an important position for the Kenyans, as it marks two special occasions in the history of Kenya: The Kenya Independence Day and The Jamhuri Day.
On this day in 1963, Kenya turned into an independent nation, and precisely one year later in 1964, it joined the Commonwealth as a republic or Jamhuri (Swahili for ‘republic’). Thus, December 12 is known as Kenya Independence Day and also as Kenya Jamhuri Day. So Kenyans have double the reason to celebrate December 12th!
Why Is Kenya Called Kenya?
To understand why modern Kenya is called Kenya, we have to go back to the colonial era. The first settlers to come to Kenya were the Arabs. They arrived here in 700 AD. Slave trade was the major activity that brought them here in Kenya. The Kamba tribe being from a semi-arid district in Kenya were engaged with the long-distance trading.
Since the Kamba were actively involved as merchants and travel guide, the greater part of the places in Kenya is named after what they told the traders. Kenya originates from the Kamba word ‘kinyaa’ pronounced as Kenya as we know it today. ‘Kinyaa’ in Kamba is a higher place where God(Mulungu) lives. Thus the highest spot in Kenya is Mount Kenya. The place being the highest in the territory the Kamba thought that God inhabitant there. That is all.
What Is Jamhuri Day Kenya?
Jamhuri Day is a national holiday in Kenya, observing Kenya’s independence from Great Britain on December 12, 1963, and the foundation of its republic, December 12, 1964.
Jamhuri Day was begun after Kenya achieved its independence from Great Britain in 1963. Kenyans, known as the Freedom Fighters or Mau Mau, needed to fight and win Kenya’s Independence.
On December 12, 1964, Kenya became a republic and admitted into the Commonwealth after being independent for one year. This day of celebration was named Jamhuri Day, Swahili (Kenya’s National Language) for Independence.
Was Mau Mau A Nationalist Movement?
Yes, Mau Mau was a militant African nationalist movement that originated in the 1950s with a dominant part of the Mau Mau warriors and supporters from the Kiyuki ethnic group.
Who Was The Leader Of Mau Mau?
One of the most celebrated leaders of the Mau Mau were Dedan Kimathi and Jomo Kenyatta.
The Mau Mau movement of Kenya was a nationalist armed rebellion against the British colonial rule, its harsh policies against Africans, and its local supporters. The dominant part of the Mau Mau warriors and of their supporters, who framed the “passive wing,” originated from the Kikuyu tribe in Central Province. There was also representation in the Mau Mau from the Embu, Kamba, and Meru ethnic groups. Some individuals from the Luo, Luyia, and even Maasai ethnic groups took an interest in the revolt too. The majority of the Mau guerrillas were young fellows and landless peasants.
When Was The State Of Emergency Declared In Kenya and Who Lifted State of Emergency In Kenya?
The State of Emergency in Kenya lasted from 1952-1959. It the longest ever in the history of Kenya, which came to an end in 1959.
The State of Emergency was declared by the governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring, because of the Mau Mau resistance to British colonial rule and imprisonment of thousands of Kenyans. This rebellion occurred in the highlands of central Kenya among the Kikuyu clan. Tens of thousands of Kikuyu died in this rebellion and in detainment camps and confined towns.
SECTION # 4
The National Flag of Kenya
The flag of Kenya was officially adopted on 12 December 1963 after Kenya gained its independence from Great Britain. The flag of Kenya features a horizontal tricolor of black, red, and green with two white edges imposed with a red, white and black Maasai shield and two crossed spears. Kenyan flag is based on Kenya African National Union (KANU).
- Black color on Kenyan Flag – represents the people of Kenya
- Red color on Kenyan Flag – represents the bloodshed during the Kenyan fight for independence
- Green color on Kenyan Flag – represents the country’s landscape and natural wealth
- White Fimbriation on Kenyan Flag – symbolizes peace and honesty
The red, white and black Maasai shield and two crossed spears symbolize the defense of all things: Kenyan people, Kenyan Independence, Kenyan natural wealth.
SECTION # 5
Kenya Independence / Jamhuri Day: Fun Section
Looking for wishing quotes and greetings for Kenyan Independence or best patriotic songs to listen on December 12th? This fun section here – includes Kenyan Independence or Jamhuri Day quotes, wishing messages, songs, downloadable wallpapers, and all the fun related stuff to spice up the Kenyan Independence Day festivities!
Kenyan Independence Day Songs: Best Songs That Inspire Patriotism on Jamhuri Day
- Roger Whittaker – My Land Is Kenya
- Eric Wainaina – Daima
- Leyla- Wimbo Za Historia
- Ythera – Like A Phoenix, Let’s All Rise
- Rufftone and GSU – Mungu Baba
- Dela, Sauti Sol, Nyashinski and Avril – Kenya Yetu
- Nameless – Coming Home
- The National Anthem
- Mungu Baba – Rufftone and The GSU
- Kenya Only – Eric Wainaina
Happy Kenyan Independence Day: Greetings Quotes & Wishing Messages
- Happy Independence Day to our brothers and sisters in Kenya today!
- Happy 56th Independence Day, Kenya! They gained their independence from Great Brittan and this special day is referred to as “Jamhuri Day” which translates to “Republic Day” .
- Happy Independence Day to the lovely land of Kenya! Today, Kenya celebrates 56 years of independence from Britain.
- Happy Independence Day Kenya – Kexited from Britain December 12 1963. Population now nearing 50 million enthusiastic people.
- I am not Kenyan because I was born in Kenya, but because Kenya was born in me. Happy Independence Day!
- Wishing my good friends and the great people of #Kenya, a Happy Independence Day! Enjoy the celebrations of your Jamhuri Day together with your loved ones. Cheers
- We would like to wish Kenya a happy Jamuhuri Day as the country marks its 56th Independence Day.
Kenya Jamhuri Day: Wishing Quotes, Greetings Messages and Captions
- As a people we should pull together as we proceed with the task of building a truly united country. Happy Jamhuri Day
- On behalf of my people, I wish Kenya a happy Independence Day. Kenya has always been a great country with incredible people. We share the joy of celebrating your Jamhuri Day.
- Happy Jamhuri Day! I wish all Kenyans both at home and in diaspora Happy Independence Day.
- Happy Jamhuri Day to my fellow citizens. As we celebrate this day may we take a moment to reflect on the finest traditions of a true republic and commit to individually play our part to make ours a true and finest Republic.
- FREE AT LAST! Wishing you all a very happy JAMHURI Day, as we celebrate our 56th Independence anniversary, when we smashed the shackles of colonialism and took our rightful place among the free nations of the world.
- Happy Jamhuri day fellow Kenyans. May the spirit of renewed nationhood, patriotism, hardwork, honesty, accountability, justice and inclusivity guide us to build a strong Nation Kenya.
- May Peace Love and Unity be our guiding force as we continue to build our Nation. Let’s continue to keep the faith Alive. We shall ultimately get there soon. Happy Jamhuri Day Fellow Kenyans.
- We remember and appreciate all who came before us who made great sacrifices so that we live in a better country today. In their honour, we shall take great sacrifices so that those who come after us may find Kenya a better place. Happy Jamhuri day!
- Today we reflect on the sacrifices that our liberation heroes & heroines made for our independence and that of our institutions. I’d like to wish all Kenyans a very happy Jamhuri Day!
- May I take this opportunity on my own behalf & on behalf of my family to wish every Kenyan a happy Jamhuri Day. This day provides us with an opportunity to rekindle within us our shared quest for a life of dignity and self-determination.
Kenyan Independence Day Images & Posters
|Kenya Independence Day – Quick Facts|
|On this date in 1963, Kenya became an independent country, and exactly one year later on this same date in 1964, it joined the Commonwealth as a republic or Jamhuri.|
|Date:||Thursday, December 12, 2019|
Parades, Fireworks, Concerts, Festivals, Tributes
The important days of – 12 December 1963 when Kenya gained independence from British rule & 12 December 1964 when Kenya turned into a republic
Kenya Independence Day – Kenya National Day – Kenya Republic Day – Kenya Jamhuri Day
Happy Jamhuri Day – Happy Kenyan Independence Day
|How many years of independence?||56 years|
56th Independence Anniversary