Sri Lanka celebrates its independence day on 4th of February, commemorating the independence from British rule in 1948. Also known as National Day of Sri Lanka, February 4 is a national holiday in the country and celebrates independence and self-rule from the British Empire. Here’s wishing all Sri Lankans 72 Years of Independence in 2020…
On February fourth, 1948, Sri Lanka accomplished self-rule while remaining a British territory. It remained a Commonwealth domain, with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state and Queen of Ceylon, until 1972 when it turned into a republic and was renamed, Sri Lanka.
The greatest celebrations for Sri Lankan National Day happen in the capital city of Colombo. Sri Lankans take interest in social exhibitions, marches, flag raising ceremony and a speech-driven by the president. In additional to commending its autonomy, the nation also pays tribute to Sri Lanka’s heroes by observing two minutes of silence in their memory. Happy Sri Lanka Independence Day 2020!
Want to skip ahead to a particular section?
- 1 Section#1
- 2 Sri Lanka Independence History (1505-1948): A Brief Summary Of Sri Lanka’s History & How It Gained Independence
- 2.1 Sri Lanka Under Portuguese Rule (The Portuguese Ceylon Period 1505-1658)
- 2.2 Sri Lanka Under Dutch Rule (The Dutch Ceylon Period 1640-1796)
- 2.3 Sri Lanka Under British Rule (The British Ceylon Period 1815-1948)
- 2.4 National Anthem of Sri Lanka – SriLanka Matha
- 2.5 Sri Lanka On Road To Independence – Here’s How Sri Lanka Gained Independence
- 2.6 MichaelMas
- 2.7 Feast of the Cross
- 2.8 Nativity of Mary
- 3 Section#2
- 4 Sri Lanka Independence Celebrations: Here’s How Independence Day Is Celebrated In Sri Lanka
- 5 Section#3
- 6 Sri Lanka Independence Day 2020: Everything You Need To Know About 2020 National Day Of Sri Lanka
- 7 Section#4
- 8 Sri Lanka Independence Day Wishes, Quotes, Messages, Greetings, & Whatsapp Status
- 9 Section#5
- 10 Sri Lanka Independence Day FAQs: Answering All Your Frequently Asked Questions On Sri Lanka National Day
- 10.1 Which year Sri Lanka got independence?
- 10.2 In which year Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country?
- 10.3 How long did the British rule Sri Lanka?
- 10.4 What is Sri Lanka Independence Movement?
- 10.5 How Sri Lanka got its name?
- 10.6 Was Sri Lanka a British colony?
- 10.7 Was Sri Lanka part of British India?
- 10.8 Was Sri Lanka called Ceylon?
- 10.9 Is Sri Lanka part of India?
- 10.10 Why do we celebrate Independence Day in Sri Lanka?
- 10.11 When was Ceylon renamed Sri Lanka?
- 10.12 When did Portuguese come to Sri Lanka?
- 10.13 When did the British come to Sri Lanka?
- 10.14 How Sri Lanka is separated from India?
- 10.15 What is Ceylon called now?
- 10.16 How long was Sri Lanka under British rule?
- 10.17 Is Sri Lanka an independent country?
- 10.18 Is today a Sri Lankan holiday?
- 10.19 What is the holiday in Sri Lanka today?
- 10.20 Is today Poya Day in Sri Lanka?
- 10.21 Is Deepavali a public holiday in Sri Lanka?
Independence Day Of Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka National Day): Here’s Everything You Need To Know
On February 4, 1948, Sri Lanka (then British Ceylon) gained political independence from the British Empire. The day is known as Sri Lanka Independence Day or Sri Lanka National Day. Celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor, this national holiday holds immense importance for all Sri Lankans, as it marks Sri Lanka’s freedom from British rule and remembers the nation’s struggle for independence from its colonial masters.
Sri Lanka Independence History (1505-1948): A Brief Summary Of Sri Lanka’s History & How It Gained Independence
The Kandyan Kingdom coming under the control of the British Realm and removing of Lord Sri Wickrama started the history of British Ceylon. The British rule ended over 2000 years of Sinhalese government rule on the island. Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) remained under British rule till 1948, when the Sri Lanka Independence Movement made Sri Lanka win its independence.
Sri Lanka Under Portuguese Rule (The Portuguese Ceylon Period 1505-1658)
Portuguese were the first Europeans to visit Ceylon. Lourenco de Almeida (Portuguese explorer and military commander) landed on the territory in 1505, finding the island partitioned into seven conflicting kingdoms and unfit to fight off foreign invaders. The Portuguese established a fort at the port city of Colombo in 1517 and steadily expanded their control over the coastal zones.
Sri Lankans under Portuguese rule were forced to convert to Christianity. The Buddhist majority of the island hated Portuguese rule and welcomed any other power who may save them and defeat the Portuguese. It was in 1602, that the ruler of Kandy appealed the Dutch captain Joris van Spilbergen to help Ceylonese.
Sri Lanka Under Dutch Rule (The Dutch Ceylon Period 1640-1796)
The Dutch Ceylon was a governorate formed in Sri Lanka by the Dutch East India Company. By 1660, they were able to establish their control over the whole island except the kingdom of Kandy. The Dutch persecuted the left-over Portuguese settlers in Sri Lanka but granted freedom of living to the Hindus, Muslims, and Buddhists. However, the main downside of Dutch rule was that they taxed the nation far more heavily than Portuguese had done.
In 1669, a British captain named Robert Knox landed by chance in Sri Lanka where he was captured by the king of Kandy. He escaped 19 years later and composed a story of his stay in Ceylon. The captain’s story brought the island to the consideration of the British.
Sri Lanka Under British Rule (The British Ceylon Period 1815-1948)
During the Napoleonic Wars, Great Britain, expecting that French control of the Netherlands may hand over Sri Lanka to the French, occupied the coastal zones of the island in 1796. In 1802 by the Amiens Treaty, the Dutch part of the region was surrendered to Britain and turned into a crown colony.
Sri Lanka remained a British Crown colony for 133 years (1815-1948). At first the area it secured excluded the Kingdom of Kandy, but from 1817 to 1948 the British were able to gain control over the whole island of Ceylon, today the nation of Sri Lanka.
After the Uva Rebellion, the Kandyan farmers were deprived of their vast lands by the Wastelands Ordinance. The British took great interest in the uplands of Sri Lanka and cultivated tea, coffee, and rubber. In the 19th century, Sri Lanka’s tea had turned into a staple of the British market, producing great wealth for white tea planters.
National Anthem of Sri Lanka – SriLanka Matha
The British administration supported the semi-European Burghers (a mix of Dutch-Sri Lankan people), high-caste Sinhalese and the Tamils. The first-ever democratic elements in the history of Sri Lanka were introduced by the British.
In The Month Of February, National Pizza Day is also celebrated on the 9th of February
Sri Lanka On Road To Independence – Here’s How Sri Lanka Gained Independence
With the dawning of the 20th century, the Sri Lankan nationalist movement gained momentum. The movement demanded British authorities to allow Sri Lanka a great role in government, and by 1930s they had anchored the concession of allowing Sri Lankans to members of the Legislative Council.
D.S. Senanayake founded the United National Party (UNP) in 1946. The UNP won a majority of the seats in 1947 elections, yet cobbled together an alliance with the Sinhala Maha Sabha of S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike and the Tamil Congress of G. G. Ponnambalam. It was to this government that the British handed over ultimate political power to the Sri Lankans.
On 4 February 1948, English Ceylon has conceded independence as Ceylon and turned into a dominion within the British Empire. Stephen Senanayake became the first Prime Minister. In 1972 Ceylon turned into a republic within the Commonwealth and came to be known as Sri Lanka.
Some popular Events
Sri Lanka Independence Celebrations: Here’s How Independence Day Is Celebrated In Sri Lanka
The Independence Day of Sri Lanka is a national event celebrated with a great spirit of patriotism and national pride. The celebrations start with the national flag hoisting ceremony and the singing of the national anthem, trailed by the traditional lighting of the lamp ceremony. 4th February holds much importance for the Sri Lankans as it reflects the history of sacrifices made by national heroes in the Fulfillment of its independence from British Rule in 1948.
Here’s how people in Sri Lanka celebrate their independence day on February 4, 1948:
1). The Sri Lankan National Day celebrations start with the honorable President hoisting the National Flag. And then, the singing of the national anthem “Jayamangala Gatha” followed by a two minutes silence observed in the memory of the ancient leaders and War Heroes. The President then makes an address to the nation wishing everyone a happy independence day and paying special tribute to those heroes without whom independence was impossible for Sri Lanka.
2). There’s a grand military parade on Sri Lanka’s National Day. The parade consists of the squads of Army, Navy, Air Force, and Police Officers. There’s a display of latest armory and war tanks, showcasing Sri Lanka’s military strength and power. The Air Force show is worth enjoying with 30+ fighter jets and helicopters making impressive aerial stunts. The Sri Lanka independence parade is attended by the Prime Minister, President, Chief Justice, Provincial Governors, Army Chief, and other high profile personnel and foreign delegates.
3). Cultural exhibitions, musical shows, and parties are the main elements of Sri Lanka independence day celebrations. The exhibitions are organized in town halls and huge grounds, with a participation of a large number of local citizens. Singers and dancers further glorify the event with their entertaining performances.
4). On Sri Lanka independence day, all private, public, and state buildings are decorated with lights and pennants. You will see National Flags hoisted everywhere. Many inhabitants start preparing for independence day a week earlier, decorating their homes, planning parties, and buying independence day outfits and accessories from the local market.
5). On the National Day of Sri Lanka, there are installed special roadside stalls offering traditional food and the famous Sri Lanka tea. Many tourists who get a chance to experience the independence day in Sri Lanka, try their hands on Sri Lankan tea which is known for its aroma and rich taste, and also exported worldwide.
6). As 4th February marks a national holiday in Sri Lanka, so many citizens head to recreation spots with their families. With full of romantic landscapes, lush green tea gardens, beautiful beaches, the island nation of Sri Lanka is nothing short of breathtaking beauty and magnificence.
7). As the day holds immense importance for all Sri Lankans, there are various programs broadcasted on television. These programmes often address topics such as Sri Lanka’s history, independence, Heroes, and sovereignty.
National Day is a public holiday in Sri Lanka, allowing the citizens to celebrate their independence with great zeal and fervor. 72 years ago, on the 4th of February 1948, Sri Lanka gained freedom from its colonial masters, thus marking an end to foreign rule. Since then, driven by democratically elected governments, the nation has progressed significantly and is now a happy peaceful country. It’s one of the few nations that has successfully crushed the wave of terrorism.
Sri Lanka Independence Day 2020: Everything You Need To Know About 2020 National Day Of Sri Lanka
The Sri Lankan national flag will be hoisted and the national anthem will be sung, the tradition light will be lit and the celebrations for 2020 Independence Day will begin, complete with grand parades, gun salutes, firing of canons and various cultural performances, all to paying tribute to the national heroes of the nation for their brilliant accomplishment. Sri Lanka will celebrate it’s 72nd Independence Day 2020 with grand grandeur and pomp and the spirit of patriotism injected everywhere. Here’s wishing everyone Sri Lanka National Day 2020!
When is Sri Lanka Independence Day 2020?
Monday, 4 February Independence Day of Sri Lanka 2020
Sri Lanka Independence Day 2020 – Who Will Be The Chief Guest This Year?
The 2020 National Day of Sri Lanka will be attended by Maldivian President Ibrahim Mohammed Solih. This will be President Solih’s first official trip to Sri Lanka since assuming the office of Prime Minister. Maldivian President Ibrahim Solih will stay in Sri Lanka from February 3 to 5, to participate in the country’s independence day which is to be celebrated on the 4th.
The current President of Sri Lanka, Mr. Maithripala Sirisena will also grace the independence day event 2020, and deliver a national address to the nation as usual.
Will it be a Public Holiday?
Yes, a national holiday will be observed in Sri Lanka on its National Day. All public, private, and governmental institutes, and offices will remain closed.
Read The Article How People Celebrate Valentine’s Day
Sri Lanka Independence Day Wishes, Quotes, Messages, Greetings, & Whatsapp Status
Let’s introduce yourself to some latest and most powerful quotes on the occasion of Sri Lanka Independence Day. Find here creative Sri Lanka National Day wishes, see independence special messages for your friends, and view greetings for this special day.
- Warmest greetings to my friends on the country’s National Day
- I extend my warm best wishes to all Sri Lankans as they celebrate their Independence Day onTuesday, 4 February. I wish you continued peace, prosperity, and happiness.
- Before getting ready for Valentines, get ready for our Independence Day people… We are indeed blessed to be Sri Lankans – Happy Sri Lanka National Day!
- Best wishes to all my Sri Lankan friends on Independence Day. A country of extraordinary diversity with 3,000 years of recorded history.
- Proud to be a Lankan. Happy Independence Day to Sri Lanka!
- On this day, as we celebrate the 72nd anniversary of our Independence, we are proud of the advancement made towards safeguarding the freedom, power, territorial integrity of the nation. A very Proud Sri Lanka Independence Day to everyone.
- As we celebrate our nation’s independence day today, we recognize our utmost duty to given all respect and honor to the members of the Security Forces who made great sacrifices to ensure our protection, protect our nation, and crush terrorism.
- It is a notable triumph for us all to be able to praise the 72nd National Day as a nation that prizes the values of democracy, uniting every one of its residents in a spirit of patriotism, unity, and strength.
- On this happy occasion of independence day, I convey my greetings and best wishes to all the brethren in the nation.
- On the Independence Day of my beloved Motherland, Sri Lanka, my prayers are that everyone in this multi-ethnic society continues to achieve prosperity and success by developing the ethics of respecting every caste and religion. Good Wishes, Prayers, Blessings to all Lankans!
Sri Lanka Independence Day FAQs: Answering All Your Frequently Asked Questions On Sri Lanka National Day
Sri Lanka celebrates its independence day on 4th of February, every year. It’s an auspicious occasion for all the Sri Lankan citizens as it commemorates the day when Sri Lanka got independence from the British rule. Here are some answers to the most frequently asked questions about Sri Lanka’s National Day.
Which year Sri Lanka got independence?
Sri Lanka got independence from the British on February 4, 1948. The day is a national holiday in Sri Lanka and celebrated with patriotic zeal.
In which year Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country?
Sri Lanka became an independent country on 4 February 1948. It was granted independence as the Dominion of Ceylon.
How long did the British rule Sri Lanka?
The British rule in Sri Lanka is known as British Ceylon. The British ruled Sri Lanka from 1815 to 1948, which makes up to 130 years.
What is Sri Lanka Independence Movement?
The Sri Lanka Independence Movement was a non-violent political movement that worked for Sri Lanka’s freedom from the British Empire. The independence movement started with the dawn of the 20th century and drove for the most part by an educated middle class. The movement finally succeeded in its mission when on 4 February 1948 British Ceylon was granted independence as the Dominion of Ceylon.
How Sri Lanka got its name?
Sri Lanka was previously known as Ceylon. It actually originated from the name Ceilao given by the Portuguese explorers when they arrived in 1505. When Ceilao became a British Crown Colony in 1815, this very name was translated into English as Ceylon. Ceylon was the name that was widely used to name the famous Sri Lankan tea. The country was granted complete independence as the Dominion of Ceylon in 1948.
The present name of Sri Lanka was settled in 1972 when the island turned into a republic and came to be known as the Republic of Sri Lanka. Lanka was taken from the old name of the island, and joined with Sri, meaning “resplendent”. The name Sri Lanka means Resplendent Island.
Was Sri Lanka a British colony?
Sri Lanka was a British Crown Colony between 1815 and 1948.
Was Sri Lanka part of British India?
No, Sri Lanka has never been a part of India or the Indian subcontinent. For the past 3000 years, Sri Lanka has maintained its own traditions and culture.
Was Sri Lanka called Ceylon?
Yes, Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon starting from the time of the Portuguese rule to the British rule and to the independence in 1948. The name was finally changed to ‘Sri Lanka’ when the country turned into a republic in 1972.
Is Sri Lanka part of India?
Sri Lanka is not a part of India.
Why do we celebrate Independence Day in Sri Lanka?
We celebrate independence day in Sri Lanka as it is a perfect opportunity to remember all those heroes and leaders who had devoted their lives just for giving us a beautiful, peaceful, and independent life. Freedom is a blessing and we celebrate it on Independence Day.
When was Ceylon renamed Sri Lanka?
Ceylon was named Sri Lanka in 1972 when the country turned into a republic.
When did Portuguese come to Sri Lanka?
The Portuguese came to Sri Lanka in 1505.
When did the British come to Sri Lanka?
The British come to Sri Lanka in 1815.
How Sri Lanka is separated from India?
Sri Lanka was never part of India.
What is Ceylon called now?
How long was Sri Lanka under British rule?
Sri Lanka remained under British rule for more 130 years.
Is Sri Lanka an independent country?
Yes, Sri Lanka is an independent country. It got independence from British rule on February 4, 1948.
Is today a Sri Lankan holiday?
Sri Lankan Independence Day marks a public holiday in the country.
What is the holiday in Sri Lanka today?
Today (Tuesday, 4 February 2020) marks Sri Lankan Independence Day Holiday.
Is today Poya Day in Sri Lanka?
Poya Day is a public holiday in Sri Lanka that is observed every full moon. These full moon days are known as Poya Days. In February 2020, Poya Day will be observed on Tuesday 19th.
Is Deepavali a public holiday in Sri Lanka?
Deepavali is a Hindu festival in Sri Lanka. A public holiday
Sri Lanka Independence, also known as the National Day of Sri Lanka, is a hugely significant national holiday which marks the moment the nation became independent from the British rule. This was officially declared on February 04 1948, making 2020 a year of Sri Lanka’s 72nd Independence.